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Work Postures When Assisting People at the Toilet
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Health Systems Engineering, Systems Safety and Management. KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1171-9438
2015 (English)In: Ergonomics in design, ISSN 1064-8046, E-ISSN 2169-5083, Vol. 23, no 2, 16-22 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim was to analyze the home care workers’ movement patterns and postures of their backs, relating them to risks while helping an ambulatory care recipient to/from the toilet in a homelike environment. We found severe risks of unpredictable movements with exposed postures could explain many injuries. Because of high risk injuries, we suggest decreasing the time when the care recipient stands and the home care worker helps with clothing and personal hygiene. Another suggestion to decrease high risk is development of support in front of the recipient to prevent her/him falling forward.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 23, no 2, 16-22 p.
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-140188DOI: 10.1177/1064804614526200Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84930810945OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-140188DiVA: diva2:688619
Note

Updated from accepted to published. QC 20151116

Available from: 2014-01-17 Created: 2014-01-17 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Ergonomics at Home: Design for Safe Living and Home Care
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ergonomics at Home: Design for Safe Living and Home Care
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The home should represent safety and security for the person who lives there, and this is an important factor for independence and autonomy in very old age. With aging populations, the needs for long-term care increase, care provided by spouses and/or from the growing home care sector. Injuries among these groups are common.

In this study, an ergonomics perspective was applied in the analysis of some basic daily activities performed by old persons and by home care workers, assisting.

  • The postures and movements of home care staff assisting at toilet visits, and transferring persons from wheelchair to toilet, were measured and analysed.

  • Some daily activities related to making food and washing clothes, performed by a group of persons between the age of 75 and 100, were measured and analysed.

  • The task of getting up from the floor – on your own and with the help of a walker equipped with a lifting device – was analysed with the help of older persons and nursing staff. The design was built on the knowledge gained from analysing how older people get up from floor.

  • Requirements for access with a four-wheeled walker in the local built environment were investigated.

Observations were made with the help of video recording. Postures were recorded with the CUELA measurement system. The VIDAR ergonomics evaluation instrument was used to register the participants’ experiences of discomfort and pain during getting up from the floor with or without the walker with a lifting device. Structured interviews were used to find out about older peoples’ experience of using the four-wheel walker.

It is concluded that ageing at home requires improved architectural and technical bathroom design and improved access in the local built environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. 59 p.
Series
TRITA-STH : report, ISSN 1653-3836 ; 2014:1
Keyword
Ergonomics, aging, work posture, four-wheeled walker, home care worker, living at home, accessibility
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-140418 (URN)978-91-7501-991-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-02-14, KTH Skolan för Teknik och Hälsa sal 2105, Marinensväg 30, Haninge, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20140124

Available from: 2014-01-24 Created: 2014-01-23 Last updated: 2014-01-24Bibliographically approved

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