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Multiaxial mechanical response and constitutive modeling of esophageal tissues: Impact on esophageal tissue engineering
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2013 (English)In: Acta Biomaterialia, ISSN 1742-7061, Vol. 9, no 12, 9379-9391 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Congenital defects of the esophagus are relatively frequent, with 1 out of 2500 babies suffering from such a defect. A new method of treatment by implanting tissue engineered esophagi into newborns is currently being developed and tested using ovine esophagi. For the reconstruction of the biological function of native tissues with engineered esophagi, their cellular structure as well as their mechanical properties must be considered. Since very limited mechanical and structural data for the esophagus are available, the aim of this study was to investigate the multiaxial mechanical behavior of the ovine esophagus and the underlying microstructure. Therefore, uniaxial tensile, biaxial tensile and extension-inflation tests on esophagi were performed. The underlying microstructure was examined in stained histological sections through standard optical microscopy techniques. Moreover, the uniaxial ultimate tensile strength and residual deformations of the tissue were determined. Both the mucosa-submucosa and the muscle layers showed nonlinear and anisotropic mechanical behavior during uniaxial, biaxial and inflation testing. Cyclical inflation of the intact esophageal tube caused marked softening of the passive esophagi in the circumferential direction. The rupture strength of the mucosa-submucosa layer was much higher than that of the muscle layer. Overall, the ovine esophagus showed a heterogeneous and anisotropic behavior with different mechanical properties for the individual layers. The intact and layer-specific multiaxial properties were characterized using a well-known three-dimensional microstructurally based strain-energy function. This novel and complete set of data serves the basis for a better understanding of tissue remodeling in diseased esophagi and can be used to perform computer simulations of surgical interventions or medical-device applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 9, no 12, 9379-9391 p.
Keyword [en]
Ovine esophagus, Biomechanical behavior, Uniaxial and biaxial tensile testing, Extension-inflation testing, Constitutive equation, Residual strains
National Category
Biomaterials Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-140152DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2013.07.041ISI: 000328592600013ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84887189628OAI: diva2:689520

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Available from: 2014-01-21 Created: 2014-01-17 Last updated: 2014-01-21Bibliographically approved

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Holzapfel, Gerhard A.
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Solid Mechanics (Dept.)
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