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Austenite grain growth in bearing steels: An investigation on steel grades 100Cr6 and 100 CRMnMoSi8-4-6
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

An investigation of austenite grain growth of two bearing steel grades; 100Cr6 and100CrMnMoSi8-4-6 is performed. Austenitization treatments were performed between 860°C and 1200 °C for 5 minutes to 5 hours and the grain size was determined for each sample.Grain boundary etching was carried out using a water based, picric-acid etchant. Generally,100CrMnMoSi8-4-6 was harder to etch than 100Cr6. Therefore, a precipitation heattreatment was performed in order to facilitate etching of prior austenite grain boundaries in100CrMnMoSi8-4-6. The precipitation treatment was found to be effective. However, theprecipitation heat treatment was not suitable for 100Cr6 as the grain size increased duringthe precipitation heat treatment.Light optical microscope equipped with a camera was utilized to take micrographs for grainsize evaluation. Jeffries' standard procedure according to ASTM E112-96 was used tomeasure the grain size. The results shows that the austenite grain size increases withtemperature and time as expected. The experimental data was fitted to a well-known graingrowth model. The model only worked for the temperatures investigated and could not bemade to fit different temperatures.Local grain size variation was studied and its influence on fatigue properties was evaluated.The result showed that variation in local grain size can significantly alter the fatigueproperties. The findings are only theoretical and have not been tested practically.Two different spheroidization heat treatments and one homogenization heat treatmentwere performed. Both spheroidization heat treatments investigated exhibited similar grainsize. The homogenization heat treatment reduced the local grain size variation.Homogenization treatment prior to the spheroidization treatments did not increase ordecrease the grain size. The long heating, holding and cooling times in the secondspheroidization heat treatment is probably the reason for the lack of grain refinementcompared to the first spheroidization heat treatment. The grains had time to grow to theinitial austenite grain size during each cycle.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Grain growth, Grain size
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-140433OAI: diva2:690484
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Materials Design and Engineering
Available from: 2014-01-24 Created: 2014-01-23 Last updated: 2014-01-24Bibliographically approved

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