Micromorphological studies of surface densified wood
2014 (English)In: Journal of Materials Science, ISSN 0022-2461, E-ISSN 1573-4803, Vol. 49, no 5, 2027-2034 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) wood was surface densified in its radial direction in an open press with one heated plate to obtain a higher density on the wood surface whilst retaining the overall thickness of the sample. This study investigated the effect of temperature (100, 150 and 200 A degrees C) and press closing speed (5, 10 and 30 mm/min, giving closing times of 60, 30 and 10 s, respectively) on the micromorphology of the cell-wall, as well as changes occurring during set-recovery of the densified wood. The micromorphology was analysed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) combined with a sample preparation technique based on ultraviolet-excimer laser ablation. Furthermore, the density profiles of the samples were measured. Low press temperature (100 A degrees C) and short closing time (10 s) resulted in more deformation through the whole thickness, whilst increasing the temperature (150 and 200 A degrees C) and prolonging the closing time (30 and 60 s) enabled more targeted deformation closer to the heated plate. The deformation occurred in the earlywood regions as curling and twisting of the radial cell-walls, however, no apparent cell-wall disruption or internal fracture was observed, even at low temperatures and fast press closing speed, nor after soaking and drying of the samples. In the SEM-analysis after soaking and drying, it was noticed that the cells did not completely recover their original form. Thus, part of the deformation was considered permanent perhaps due to viscoelastic flow and plastic deformation of the cell-wall components.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 49, no 5, 2027-2034 p.
Modified Scots Pine, Process Parameters, High-Temperature, Density Profile, Laser-Ablation, Solid Wood, Densification, Recovery, Deformation, Compression
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-140650DOI: 10.1007/s10853-013-7890-8ISI: 000329247300012ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84892440881OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-140650DiVA: diva2:692423
QC 201401312014-01-312014-01-302014-02-28Bibliographically approved