Loudness and Pitch of Kunqu Opera
2014 (English)In: Journal of Voice, ISSN 0892-1997, E-ISSN 1557-8658, Vol. 28, no 1, 14-19 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Equivalent sound level (Leq), sound pressure level (SPL), and fundamental frequency (F-0) are analyzed in each of five Kunqu Opera roles, Young girl and Young woman, Young man, Old man, and Colorful face. Their pitch ranges are similar to those of some western opera singers (alto, alto, tenor, baritone, and baritone, respectively). Differences among tasks, conditions (stage speech, singing, and reading lyrics), singers, and roles are examined. For all singers, Leq of stage speech and singing were considerably higher than that of conversational speech. Interrole differences of Leq among tasks and singers were larger than the intrarole differences. For most roles, time domain variation of SPL differed between roles both in singing and stage speech. In singing, as compared with stage speech, SPL distribution was more concentrated and variation of SPL with time was smaller. With regard to gender and age, male roles had higher mean Leq and lower average F-0, MF0, as compared with female roles. Female singers showed a wider F-0 distribution for singing than for stage speech, whereas the opposite was true for male singers. The Leq of stage speech was higher than in singing for young personages. Younger female personages showed higher Leq, whereas older male personages had higher Leq. The roles performed with higher Leq tended to be sung at a lower MF0.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 28, no 1, 14-19 p.
Equivalent sound level, Sound pressure level, Fundamental frequency, Kunqu Opera, Task, Condition, Singer, Role
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-140665DOI: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2013.07.012ISI: 000329326100003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84891829048OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-140665DiVA: diva2:692448
QC 201401312014-01-312014-01-302014-01-31Bibliographically approved