Efficiency and Mixing Analysis of EGR-Systems for Diesel Engines
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The reduction of fuel consumption and the reduction of toxic emissions are the main goals of research and development in the area of internal combustion engines. The use of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) to come further in that direction is today an established method for diesel engines. EGR reduces the emissions of nitrogen oxides with a low penalty in fuel consumption.
The increasingly hard regulations on emissions put high pressure on the manufacturers to improve these systems. The present work aims at increasing the knowledge in the area of EGR. Two of the main challenges when applying EGR are addressed, efficiency and mixing.
The efficiency of the EGR-system is analyzed, focusing on keeping the fuel penalty low for a given EGR-rate. Different layouts of the EGR system are studied and compared regarding their stationary and transient properties. Exergy analysis is used to show the potential for improvement in different system components. In the same time, exergy analysis as a tool is introduced and compared to energy analysis of a system. The usefulness of exergy analysis of the entire gas exchange is shown by the example of a heavy-duty diesel engine.
The problem of EGR and air mixing is approached by a detailed study of the mixing process in a heavy-duty diesel engine. Different methods for the measurement of EGR distribution are presented and compared. Additionally, the possibility to predict the mixing effects by 1-D and 3-D simulation is assessed. It is shown that the mixing between air and EGR is highly dependent on the pulsating nature of the flow. The EGR is shown to be transported in packets in the air flow. This leads to the conclusion that mixing not only at the mixing point, but also mixing in flow direction needs to be optimized, as the distribution of EGR between the cylinders is dependent on the timing between the passage of the EGR packets and the valve opening time.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. , viii, 75 p.
TRITA-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2014:01
EGR, Exergy, mixing, pulsating flow, HP-EGR, LP-EGR, high-pressure EGR, low-pressure EGR
Other Mechanical Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-140850ISBN: 978-91-7501-997-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-140850DiVA: diva2:692865
2014-02-28, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Galindo, José, Professor
Ångström, Hans-Erik, ProfessorTillmark, Nils, Dr.Cronhjort, Andreas, Docent
QC 201402032014-02-032014-02-022014-02-03Bibliographically approved
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