Three-Dimensional Computations Of Water-Air Flow In A Bottom Spillway During Gate Opening
2014 (English)In: Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 1994-2060, Vol. 8, no 1, 104-115 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Undesired entrainment of air in a bottom spillway often leads to problems in both safety and operational functions. A numerical analysis of a transient process of air entrainment into bottom spillway flows when a spillway gate is opened was conducted in this study. The Volume of Fluid (VOF) model was used. The 3D computational domain consisted of a spillway conduit, a moving bulkhead gate, a gate shaft, an upstream reservoir and a downstream outlet. The large number of cells, together with the dynamic mesh modelling of the moving gate, required substantial computational resources, which necessitated parallel computing on a mainframe computer. The simulations captured the changes in the flow patterns and predicted the amount of air entrainment in the gate shaft and the detrainment downstream, which help in the understanding of the system behaviour during opening of the spillway gate. The initial conduit water level and the gate opening procedure affect the degree of air entrainment in the gate shaft. To release the undesired air, a de-aeration chamber with a tube leading to the atmosphere was added to the conduit. Despite the incomplete air release, the de-aeration chamber was found to be effective in reducing water surface fluctuations in the downstream outlet.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2014. Vol. 8, no 1, 104-115 p.
bottom spillway, moving gate, air entrainment, two-phase flow, CFD
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-141194ISI: 000332216500009ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84896998070OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-141194DiVA: diva2:695573
QC 201402112014-02-112014-02-112014-03-31Bibliographically approved