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Synthesis of different ZnO-supported metal systems through microemulsion technique and application to catalytic transformation of glycerol to acetol and 1,2-propanediol
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Chemical Technology.
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2014 (English)In: Catalysis Today, ISSN 0920-5861, E-ISSN 1873-4308, Vol. 223, 129-137 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Different systems consisting of diverse metals (Au, Pt, Pd, Rh) supported on ZnO (5% by weight) were synthesized through the microemulsion technique (ME) and tested for glycerol hydrogenolysis, the main products being hydroxyacetone (acetol) and 1,2-propanediol (1,2-PDO). The solids synthesized using sodium borohydride as the reducing agent (B series) had smaller particle sizes as compared to the use of hydrazine (H series) which, in turn, resulted in a better catalytic performance. This synthetic method allowed us to obtain similar metal particle sizes (2-4 nm) for Pt, Pd and Rh solids in B series, whereas average gold metal particle was higher (> 8 nm) which probably accounts for Au-containing systems being inactive under our experimental conditions. Reactivity order followed the sequence Rh > Pt > Pd. A comparison of the systems synthesized in the present paper through ME technique with those obtained in a previous work through the deposition-precipitation process revealed a higher activity and selectivity to acetol for the former solids which could be related to the presence of surfactant. Moreover, results suggested that metal sites could participate not only in hydrogenation of acetol to 1,2-propanediol but also in the previous dehydration step of glycerol to acetol.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 223, 129-137 p.
Keyword [en]
Glycerol hydrogenolysis, Platinum catalyst, Rhodium catalyst, Palladium catalyst, 1, 2-Propanediol (1, 2-PDO), Hydroxyacetone (acetol)
National Category
Other Chemical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-141284DOI: 10.1016/j.cattod.2013.09.021ISI: 000329980700016ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84892814075OAI: diva2:696149

QC 20140213

Available from: 2014-02-13 Created: 2014-02-13 Last updated: 2014-02-13Bibliographically approved

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