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Aggregation and Electrolyte Composition Effects on the Efficiency of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. A Case of a Near-Infrared Absorbing Dye for Tandem Cells
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2014 (English)In: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, ISSN 1932-7447, E-ISSN 1932-7455, Vol. 118, no 1, 194-205 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Time-resolved laser spectroscopy studies of complete solar cells sensitized with a near-infrared absorbing dye (HY103) and filled with different electrolytes are applied to explain their macroscopic parameters (efficiency and short-circuit current). Particular attention is paid to the effect of coadsorbent, size of cations in electrolyte (lithium vs guanidine ones), and addition of tert-butylpyridine. A complete deactivation scheme in the cell is revealed, and the rates of electron injection and all other processes are explored. For the most efficient electrolyte, the electron injection rate constants are 0.21 ps(-1) from monomers and 0.07 ps(-1) from H-aggregates. Moreover, two important and novel findings are revealed: energy transfer from the excited state of monomers to H-aggregates (with rate constants from 0.04 to 0.25 ps(-1)) and the decrease of internal conversion rate in HY103 attached to the nanoparticles (0.01 ps(-1)) with respect to that of free dye in solution (0.06 ps(-1)). Thus, our study gives more clues to better understand the photobehavior of dye-sensitized solar cells.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 118, no 1, 194-205 p.
Keyword [en]
Transient Absorption, Charge Recombination, TIO2, Spectroscopy, Performance, Injection, Dynamics, Films
National Category
Physical Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-141295DOI: 10.1021/jp410106kISI: 000329678200023ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84892574717OAI: diva2:696246

QC 20140213

Available from: 2014-02-13 Created: 2014-02-13 Last updated: 2014-02-13Bibliographically approved

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Tian, Haining
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