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Vinge för vågförbättring vid flöde över segmentlucka
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.).
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Spoiler for Wave Improvement at Flow over a Segment Gate (English)
Abstract [sv]

Tikab Strukturmekanik AB, (Tikab), ett teknikkonsultföretag, har utvecklat en systemhandling för en ny sluss till ”nya Slussen” i Stockholm på uppdrag av Stockholm stad, Exploateringskontoret. En del i projektet var att även skapa attraktiva bonusfunktioner till anläggningen. Innan detta projekt startades hade Tikab visat att den konstruerade segmentluckan kunde användas för att skapa stående vågor nedströms luckan. Dessa vågor ansågs vara intressanta för vågsurfing.Målet med detta examensarbete var att utveckla en konstruktion utan rörliga delar som skulle kunna förbättra vågparametrar hos den, med avseende på surfing attraktiva, genererade vågen. Konstruktionen, också kallad vingen eller spoilern, skulle vara manuellt hanterbar och enkel att montera på slussluckan.Denna rapport beskriver utvecklingsprojektet. Efter att studerat slussen och existerande artificiella surfvågor kunde en omfattande studie av flödesteori göras. Därefter kunde teorier för flöde och vågor användas i modellförsök där de verifierades hydrodynamiskt. Spoilerkoncept togs fram och testades innan en slutlig design kunde väljas genom utvärdering av testresultaten. Det vinnande konceptet konstruerades i full skala och dimensionerades i enlighet med gällande eurokoder. Den slutgiltiga systemkonstruktionen utgjordes av en vinge uppbyggd av sex delar. De kan tillverkas av bockad aluminiumplåt med påsvetsade avstyvningar och ansluts med skruvförband till segmentluckans krön. Genom successiva optimeringar i konstruktionen kunde den totala vikten till slut reduceras till 138 kg, med en maximal vikt på 29 kg för den största delen.Vissa slutsatser drogs utifrån resultaten; Vågformen nedströms en, under vatten, nedsänkt segmentlucka kunde kontrolleras med hjälp av en skruvansluten vinge monterad på luckans krön. Därigenom kunde en attraktiv surfvåg skapas. Den bästa vågförbättringen, med avseende på surfing, uppnåddes för en horisontellt riktad vinge. Vingens form skulle för bästa inverkan vara likformad med den önskade krökningen på vågkrönet. En hanterbar och styv vinge kunde konstrueras med hjälp av aluminiumplåt och en optimerad dimensionering.

Abstract [en]

Tikab Strukturmekanik AB (Tikab), an engineering consulting company, has developed a system design of a new navigation lock at Slussen in central Stockholm on behalf of Stockholm City authorities. A part of the project has been to add attractive bonus functions to the area. It was shown by Tikab that the designed segment gate, also referred to as Tainter gate, could be used to create stationary back water waves. These waves were found to be of interest for wave surfing.The aim of this master project was to develop a device without moving parts which could improve the wave parameters into an, with respect to surfing, attractive wave. The device, also referred as spoiler, was requested to be manually manageable and easy to mount on the segment gate crest. This master thesis describes the development project. After a study of the navigation lock and existing artificial surf-wave techniques an extensive investigation of flow theory was done. From there theories for flow and wave creation could be transferred into model tests where hydrodynamic verifications were done. Spoiler concepts were developed and tested before a final design was selected by evaluation of the test results. The winning concept was designed in full-scale and dimensioned according to current Eurocodes.The final design was a spoiler which was built up by six parts. They were made for manufacturing using bent and stiffened aluminium plates and to be fastened on the gate crest by bolted joints. Through successive design optimisation, the total weight was reduced to a total of 138 kg. The weight of the largest part was 29 kg.Some conclusions were drawn from the results; The wave shape downstream a submerged segment gate could be controlled by a spoiler on the gate crest. Thereby an attractive wave could be generated. The best wave improvement, with respect to surfing, was reached for a horizontally positioned spoiler cut in a shape equal to the wished wave crest curvature. A manageable and functional spoiler could be designed by the use of aluminium plates and an optimised design.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 97 p.
Series
MMK 2013:39 MKN 087
Keyword [en]
segment gate, navigation lock, surf, waves, spoiler
Keyword [sv]
segmentlucka, sluss, surfing, vågor, spoiler
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-141663OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-141663DiVA: diva2:697559
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-10-14 Created: 2014-02-18 Last updated: 2015-10-14Bibliographically approved

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