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Aspect ratio effects in turbulent duct flows studied through direct numerical simulation
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
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2014 (English)In: Journal of turbulence, ISSN 1468-5248, E-ISSN 1468-5248, Vol. 15, no 10, 677-706 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Three-dimensional effects in turbulent duct flows, i.e., sidewall boundary layers and secondary motions, are studied by means of direct numerical simulation (DNS). The spectral element code Nek5000 is used to compute turbulent duct flows with aspect ratios 1-7 (at Re-b,Re- c = 2800, Re-tau,Re- c similar or equal to 180) and aspect ratio 1 (at Re-b,Re- c = 5600, Re-tau,Re- c similar or equal to 330), in streamwise-periodic boxes of length 25h. The total number of grid points ranges from 28 to 145 million, and the pressure gradient is adjusted iteratively in order to keep the same bulk Reynolds number in the centreplane with changing aspect ratio. Turbulence is initiated via a trip forcing active during the initial stages of the simulation, and the statistical convergence of the data is discussed both in terms of transient approach and averaging period. Spanwise variations in wall shear, mean-flow profiles, and turbulence statistics are analysed as a function of aspect ratio, and also compared with the spanwise-periodic channel (as idealisation of an infinite aspect ratio duct). The computations show good agreement with experimental measurements carried out in parallel at the Illinois Institute of Technology (IIT) in Chicago, and highlight the relevance of sidewall boundary layers and secondary vortices in the physics of the duct flow. The rich array of secondary vortices extending throughout the upper and lower walls of the duct, and their dependence on Reynolds number and aspect ratio, had not been reported in the literature before.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 15, no 10, 677-706 p.
Keyword [en]
direct numerical simulation, secondary motions, secondary vortices/motions, three-dimensional flows, turbulent duct flow, wall turbulence
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-141942DOI: 10.1080/14685248.2014.925623ISI: 000340121000003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84904987697OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-141942DiVA: diva2:699112
Note

Updated from manuscript to article in journal.

QC 20140908

Available from: 2014-02-26 Created: 2014-02-26 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Lagrangian Particles in Turbulence and Complex Geometries
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lagrangian Particles in Turbulence and Complex Geometries
2014 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Wall-dominated turbulent dispersed multiphase flows occur in a variety of industrial, biological and environmental applications. The complex nature of the  arrier and the dispersed phase is elevated to a higher level introducing geometrical complexities such as curved walls. Realising such flows and particulate phases poses challenging problems both from computational and also physical point of view. The present thesis tries to address some of these issues Lagrangian computational frame.

In the first step, turbulent flow in straight pipes is simulated by means ofdirect numerical simulation with a spectrally accurate code nek5000 to examine the Reynolds number effect on turbulent statistics. Adding the effect of the curvature to these canonical turbulent pipe flows generates Prandtl’s secondary motion of first kind. These configurations, as primary complex geometries in this study, are examined by means of statistical analysis to unfold the evolutionof turbulent characteristics from a straight pipe configuration. A fundamentally different Prandtl’s secondary motion of second kind is also put to test by means of adding the side-walls to a canonical turbulent channel flow and the evolution of various statistical quantities with varying the duct aspect ratios is discussed.

After having obtained a characterisation of the turbulent flow in the geometries of bent pipes and ducts, the dispersion of small heavy particles is modelled in the bent pipe by means of point particles which are one-way coupled to the flow. For this purpose a parallel Lagrangian Particle Tracking (LPT) scheme is implemented in the spectral-element code nek5000. Its numerical accuracy, parallel scalability and general performance in realistic situations are scrutinised in various situations. Also, the resulting particle fields are analysed, showing that even a small degree of geometrical curvature has a profound impact on the particle concentration maps.

For each of the aforementioned turbulent flow cases new and challenging questions have arisen to be addressed in the present and upcoming research works. Along with an improved understanding of the particle dispersion in the considered complex geometries, the current project is particularly intended to improve the numerical aspects of the current LPT module suitable for largescale computations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. v, 41 p.
Series
TRITA-MEK, ISSN 0348-467X ; 2014:04
Keyword
Direct numerical simulation, wall turbulence, secondary motion
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Research subject
Engineering Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-141909 (URN)978-91-7595-032-7 (ISBN)
Presentation
2014-03-11, E2, Linsdtedsvägen 3, KTH, Stockholm, 14:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish e‐Science Research Center, 76304
Note

QC 20140226

Available from: 2014-02-26 Created: 2014-02-25 Last updated: 2014-02-26Bibliographically approved
2. Particle-laden Turbulent Wall-bounded Flows in Moderately Complex Geometries
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Particle-laden Turbulent Wall-bounded Flows in Moderately Complex Geometries
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Wall-bounded turbulent dispersed multiphase flows occur in a variety of industrial, biological and environmental applications. The complex nature of the carrier and the particulate phase is elevated to a higher level when introducing geometrical complexities such as curved walls. Realising such flows and dispersed phases poses challenging problems both from computational and also physical point of view. The present thesis addresses some of these issues by studying a coupled Eulerian–Lagrangian computational framework.

The content of the thesis addresses both turbulent wall flows and coupled particle motion. In the first part, turbulent flow in straight pipes is simulated by means of direct numerical simulation (DNS) with the spectrally accurate code nek5000  to examine the Reynolds-number effect on turbulence statistics. The effect of the curvature to these canonical turbulent pipe flows is then added to generate Prandtl’s secondary motion of first kind. These configurations, as primary complex geometries in this study, are examined by means of statistical analysis to unfold the evolution of turbulence characteristics from a straight pipe. A fundamentally different Prandtl’s secondary motion of the second kind is also put to test by adding side-walls to a canonical turbulent channel flow and analysing the evolution of various statistical quantities with varying the duct width-to-height aspect ratios.

Having obtained a characterisation of the turbulent flow in the geometries of bent pipes and ducts, the dispersion of small heavy particles is modelled in these configurations by means of point particles which are one-way coupled to the flow. For this purpose a parallel Lagrangian Particle Tracking (LPT) scheme is implemented in the spectral-element code nek5000 . Its numerical accuracy, parallel scalability and general performance in realistic situations is scrutinised. The analysis of the resulting particle fields shows that even a small amount of secondary motion has a profound impact on the particle phase dynamics and its concentration maps.

For each of the aforementioned turbulent flow cases new and challenging questions have arisen to be addressed in the present research works. The goal of extending understanding of the particle dispersion in turbulent bent pipes and rectangular ducts are also achieved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015. xii, 71 p.
Series
TRITA-MEK, ISSN 0348-467X ; 2015:09
Keyword
turbulent, complex geometry, particle
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Research subject
Engineering Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-177310 (URN)978-91-7595-785-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-12-04, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 11:01 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish e‐Science Research Center
Note

QC 20151118

Available from: 2015-11-18 Created: 2015-11-18 Last updated: 2015-11-18Bibliographically approved

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