Change in Partial Discharge Activity as Related to Degradation Level in Oil-Impregnated Paper Insulation: Effect of High Voltage Impulses
2014 (English)In: IEEE transactions on dielectrics and electrical insulation, ISSN 1070-9878, E-ISSN 1558-4135, Vol. 21, no 3, 1243-1250 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
High voltage (HV) transients in electrical power systems are mainly caused by lightning strikes and switching operations. The dielectric properties of a particular electrical insulation at the instant of interaction with a high voltage transient would determine a level of the degradation of an electrical insulation. This work investigates how high voltage impulses would change Phase Resolved Partial Discharge (PRPD) patterns in test samples consisting of a cavity deliberately introduced between the sheets of oil-impregnated paper used in power transformer bushings. It also investigates how the change in PRPD patterns is related to the degradation level of oil-impregnated paper. In order to accomplish these objectives, the experiments were set in such a way that the effect of HV impulses and an early stage PD activity at an elevated AC stress, HV impulses in combination with a prolonged PD activity at an elevated AC stress, and a prolonged PD activity alone at an elevated AC stress could be investigated separately. The experimental results presented in this paper indicate that HV impulses below the impulse breakdown stress following an early stage AC PD activity would not cause a significant change in PRPD patterns, and would not damage oil-impregnated paper to a level which can be noticed by a visual observation. On the other hand, a prolonged AC PD activity alone can cause the change in PRPD patterns, but cannot quickly damage the oil-impregnated paper as it would do when it is combined with HV impulses. However, the combination of both, HV impulses and a prolonged AC PD activity caused a high drop in the PD parameters (total PD charge and a repetition rate). The study found that the decrease of the PD parameters can be considered as a sign of severe degradation of oil-impregnated paper.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 21, no 3, 1243-1250 p.
Partial discharge, high voltage impulses, oil-impregnated paper, dielectric properties
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-142024DOI: 10.1109/TDEI.2014.6832271ISI: 000337847200039ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84903201251OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-142024DiVA: diva2:699535
QC 20140806. Updated from accepted to published.2014-02-272014-02-272015-02-06Bibliographically approved