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The effect of PD by-products on the dielectric frequency response of oil-paper insulation comprising of a small cavity
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering. (Electrical Systems)
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering. (Electrical Systems)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1766-8077
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering. (Electrical Systems)
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering. (Electrical Systems)
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2015 (English)In: IEEE transactions on dielectrics and electrical insulation, ISSN 1070-9878, E-ISSN 1558-4135, Vol. 22, no 5, 2923-2930 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

This work investigates the effect of alternating current partial discharge (AC PD) byproducts on the dielectric frequency response (DFR) of oil-paper insulation in the frequency range of 1.0 mHz to 1.0 kHz. The investigations were done by utilizing experimental results in combination with a Finite Element Method (FEM) model. The results presented in this paper show that AC PD by-products in the oil-paper insulation can result in a dissipation factor curve whose magnitudes increase with increasing volume of the aged zone. The change in a dissipation factor curve due to PD byproducts was observed to occur mainly in the middle and low frequency regions. The results indicate that the dissipation factor curves in the middle and low frequency regions depend on the level of PD by-products in oil and paper, respectively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Press, 2015. Vol. 22, no 5, 2923-2930 p.
Keyword [en]
Cavity, dielectric frequency response (DFR), partial discharge, oil-paper insulation, Finite Element Methods (FEM), dissipation factor
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-142025ISI: 000364993800066Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84947982758OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-142025DiVA: diva2:699539
Note

QC 20151214

Available from: 2014-02-27 Created: 2014-02-27 Last updated: 2017-04-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The Effect of HV Impulses on Partial Discharge Activity and on the Dielectric Response in Oil-impregnated Paper Insulation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Effect of HV Impulses on Partial Discharge Activity and on the Dielectric Response in Oil-impregnated Paper Insulation
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This work investigates how HV impulses affect the behavior of partial discharge (PD) activity and the low voltage dielectric response of oil-impregnated paper insulation. It also investigates how the change in the PD activity is related to the degradation level of oil-impregnated paper insulation. In order to accomplish these objectives, the ageing were done under three different electrical stress conditions, i.e. HV impulses following an early stage 50 Hz AC PD activity, a prolonged PD activity at a 50 Hz AC stress alone, and a combination of HV impulses and a prolonged PD activity at a 50 Hz AC stress. In order to predict the level of deterioration caused by each ageing stress condition, the dielectric spectroscopy (DS) measurements in a frequency range of 1.0 mHz to 1.0 kHz were performed before and after subjecting a test object to each of the ageing stress conditions.

     The investigations were mainly done on the test samples consisting of a cavity deliberately introduced between the layers of oil-impregnated paper. Additionally, the investigation about the effect of HV impulses alone on the DS results was done on aged oil-impregnated paper transformer bushing.

     The PD experimental results presented in this thesis indicate that HV impulses below the impulse breakdown stress following an early stage AC PD activity will neither cause a significant change in phase resolved partial discharge (PRPD) patterns nor damage oil-impregnated paper insulation to a level that can be noticed with visual observations. On the other hand, a prolonged PD activity at a 50 Hz AC stress can cause the change in PRPD patterns by decreasing the total PD charge and the number of PD pulses, but cannot quickly damage the oil-impregnated paper insulation as it would do when it is combined with HV impulses. In addition to that, the results show that the combination of both, HV impulses and a prolonged PD activity at a 50 Hz AC stress can cause a high drop in the PD parameters (total PD charge and number of PD pulses). 

     The DS results show that HV impulses below the impulse breakdown stress following an early stage 50 Hz AC PD activity will not cause a significant increase in the real part of the complex capacitance and in the dissipation factor as they will do when they are combined with a prolonged PD activity at a 50 Hz AC stress. Further, the dielectric spectroscopy results obtained every three hours during the ageing of oil-impregnated paper insulation by a prolonged PD activity at an AC stress show that the dissipation factor will increase, but the PD parameters (total PD charge and the repetition rate) will decrease with time of PD application. For a case of the aged oil-impregnated paper transformer bushing, HV impulses of amplitudes up to 200 kV did not result in the change in the dissipation factor curve before removing insulating oil from the bushing. However, after removing about 2.5 liters of insulating oil from the bushing, HV impulses resulted in the change in the dissipation factor curve. The magnitudes of the dissipation factor curves appeared to be much higher in the middle frequencies region, i.e. the frequencies between 10 mHz and 100 Hz. After refilling the bushing with the same insulating oil, the loss peak shifted towards the higher frequencies.

     To understand how the ageing by-products initiated by PDs in the small cavity can modify the geometry of oil-impregnated paper insulation; the model of oil-impregnated paper insulation, comprising of a small cavity, was implemented in Finite Element Method (FEM) software (COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2a). The comparison between the simulation and experimental results show that PD by-products will result in two zones, i.e. aged and unaged zones, and the aged zone will grow with time of PD application; thereby increasing the dissipation factor. On the other hand, in order to interpret  the change in the dissipation factors for the dielectrics in aged oil-impregnated paper transformer bushing after had been exposed to HV impulses, a model of a part of the condenser body (oil-paper insulation) was also implemented in the FEM software (COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2a). To model a condition of low insulating oil level in the bushing, a part of oil subdomains was replaced with the air dielectric properties. A comparison between the simulation and experimental dissipation factor curves indicate that HV impulses will produce the by-products (ions), which will increase the conductivity of air when the bushing has low insulating oil level. On refilling the bushing with the same insulating oil, the insulating oil will take these ions and the reactions between the aged insulating oil by-products (such as acids) and the ions, may produce more ions, thereby increasing further the conductivity of the insulating oil.

 

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. x, 62 p.
Series
TRITA-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2014:006
Keyword
Partial discharge, high voltage impulses, oil-impregnated paper, dielectric spectroscopy, Finite Element Method.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-142027 (URN)978-91-7595-024-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-03-26, Sal H1, Teknikringen 33, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
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Supervisors
Note

QC 20140303

Available from: 2014-03-03 Created: 2014-02-27 Last updated: 2014-03-03Bibliographically approved

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Ghaffarian Niasar, Mohamad

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