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The abrasive wear of rolling bearings by lubricant borne particles
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.).
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Tribologi.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2489-0688
2006 (English)In: Proceedings of the Institution of mechanical engineers. Part J, journal of engineering tribology, ISSN 1350-6501, E-ISSN 2041-305X, Vol. 220, no J5, 429-439 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Damage caused by lubricant borne particles in rolling/sliding contacts can severely reduce the operational life of machine elements such as cam mechanisms, roller bearings, gears, and pumps. Lubricant supplies frequently contain such contaminating particles, either generated from within the machinery itself or entrained from the surroundings. The particle can be entrained into a lubricated contact and damage the bearing surfaces. Many such individual abrasive actions can lead to significant change in the surface profile of the rolling elements.

In this work, a series of experiments has been carried out to investigate the mechanism of this surface damage and abrasion process when the contaminating particles are small and hard. The tests show, how particles are entrained into the contacts, the form of the scratches they produce, and the resulting surface profile changes. On the basis of these observations, a model of the abrasive wear process has been developed. The prediction of abrasive wear compares qualitatively well with observed form change on the bearing surface.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 220, no J5, 429-439 p.
Keyword [en]
simulation; abrasive wear; roller bearings; debris particles; three-body abrasion
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4918DOI: 10.1243/13506501J00205ISI: 000240932900003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-33749461556OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4918DiVA: diva2:7017
Note
QC 20100825 Uppdaterad från submitted till published (20100825)Available from: 2005-02-09 Created: 2005-02-09 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. On wear in rolling/sliding contacts
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On wear in rolling/sliding contacts
2005 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to increase the understanding of wear in rolling/sliding contacts such as the wheel-rail contact for railroads and the roller-washer contact for roller bearings.

The Stockholm commuter train network has been the subject of papers A and B in this thesis in which the wear and surface cracks on rails has been observed for a period of three years. By comparing the wear depth with the crack length, equilibrium between these two damage mechanisms was found for a lubricated rail. By using a lubricant with friction modifiers the stresses was low enough to prevent crack propagation; at the same time, the rail was hard enough to reduce the wear rate. This is probably the most favourable state in terms of rail maintenance cost.

Roller bearings subjected to lubricant borne particles have been the subject of papers C, D and E in this thesis. Particles in the lubricating oil can have a significant impact on the wear in lubricated contacts. Even at low concentration levels can self-generated particles cause significant wear. The here presented results shows that filtration during run-in can significantly reduce both the mass loss and the number of self generated particles. A series of experiments has been carried out to study the wear of roller bearings by ingested lubricant borne hard particles. The form of the worn profile and the length of wear scratches correspond closely to the sliding within the contact. A count of the number of wear scratches on the rolling element surface indicates that the contact concentrates particles. A novel wear model based on the observation of a single point on the contacting surface when a concentration of particles passes through it has been developed and the necessary data for the model has been determined from the experiments. Comparison of the simulation results with the experimental results shows good qualitative agreement for the form change of the washer surfaces.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH, 2005. x, 20 p.
Series
Trita-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2005:03
Keyword
Technology, wear, rolling, sliding, contact, environment, TEKNIKVETENSKAP
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-122 (URN)
Public defence
2005-02-11, Kollegiesalen, Valhallavägen 79, Stockholm, 09:30
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
QC 20101015Available from: 2005-02-09 Created: 2005-02-09 Last updated: 2012-01-27Bibliographically approved

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Olofsson, Ulf

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