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Experimental study on the direct/indirect contact energy storage container in mobilized thermal energy system (M-TES)
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemical Engineering and Technology, Energy Processes.
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2014 (English)In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 119, 181-189 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A mobilized thermal energy storage (TES) system has been proposed to recover and use industrial waste or excess heat for distributed users. In this paper, lab-scale test facilities have been built to understand the mechanisms of heat charging and discharging processes. The facilities consist of a direct/indirect-contact thermal energy storage container, heat transfer oil (HTO)/water tanks, an electrical boiler, HTO/water pumps and a plate heat exchanger. The organic phase change material (PCM), erythritol, which is sugar alcohol, was chosen as the working material due to its large heat density (330. kJ/kg) and suitable melting point (118. °C) for industrial low-temperature heat recovery, as well as non toxic and corrosive. Although differential scanning calorimetry tests have shown that a large temperature range exists during the phase change of erythritol, it did not affect the heat discharging during the tests of system performance. Heat charging/discharging results show that for the direct-contact storage container, heat discharging process is much faster than charging process. At the initial stage of heat charging, heat transfer oil is blocked to enter the container, resulting in a slow charging rate. Meanwhile, the PCM attached on the container wall on the bottom always melts last. It has been found that increasing the flow rate of HTO can effectively enhance the charging/discharging processes. For the indirect-contact storage container, heat charging and discharging take almost the same time; and the flow rate of HTO does not show an obvious effect on the charging and discharging processes due to the weak thermal conductivity of the solid phase change material. Comparatively, using the direct-contact storage container may achieve shorter charging/discharging processes than using the indirect-contact storage container.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 119, 181-189 p.
Keyword [en]
Direct-contact, Indirect-contact, Industrial waste recovery, Mobilized thermal energy storage system, Phase change
National Category
Energy Systems
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-142314DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.12.058ISI: 000333506900017ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84893010381OAI: diva2:703021

QC 20140305

Available from: 2014-03-05 Created: 2014-02-28 Last updated: 2014-05-08Bibliographically approved

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Yan, Jinyue
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