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Amino acid fertilized flowering plants for studying the transfer of pheromone precursors to butterflies
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1719-2294
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Organic Chemistry.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Organic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-142657OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-142657DiVA: diva2:704051
Note

QS 2014

Available from: 2014-03-11 Created: 2014-03-11 Last updated: 2014-03-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Pheromone production in the butterfly Pieris napi L
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Pheromone production in the butterfly Pieris napi L
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Aphrodisiac and anti-aphrodisiac pheromone production and composition in the green-veined white butterfly Pieris napi L. were investigated.

Aphrodisiac pheromone biosynthesis had different time constraints in butterflies from the diapausing and directly developing generations.

Effects of stable isotope incorporation in adult butterfly pheromone, in the nectar and flower volatiles of  host plants from labeled substrates were measured by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry.

A method to fertilize plants with stable isotopes was developed and found to be an effective method to investigate the transfer of pheromone building blocks from flowering plants to butterflies. The anti-aphrodisiac methyl salicylate was not biosynthesized from phenylalanine in flowers of Alliaria petiolata.

Both aphrodisiac and anti-aphrodisiac pheromones in P.napi are produced not only from resources acquired in the larval stage, but also from nutritional resources consumed intheadult stage. Males of P. napi produce the anti-aphrodisiac pheromone from both the essential amino acid L-phenylalanine and from common flower fragrance constituents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. 40 p.
Series
TRITA-CHE-Report, ISSN 1654-1081 ; 2014:8
Keyword
Pieris, Lepidoptera, pheromone, aphrodisiaca, antiaphrodisiaca, biosynthesis, flower volatiles, stable isotopes, incorporation, neral, geranial, methyl salicylate, benzyl cyanide, L - phenylalanine
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-142551 (URN)978-91-7595-036-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-03-26, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20140311

Available from: 2014-03-11 Created: 2014-03-06 Last updated: 2014-03-11Bibliographically approved

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Mozuraitis, Raimondas

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