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Biofuels for road transport: Analysing evolving supply chains in Sweden from an energy security perspective
Lund University, Environmental and Energy Systems Studies.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9905-8824
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy Systems Analysis.
2014 (English)In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 123, 349-357 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The use of biofuels for road transport in Sweden has increased during the past 10. years as policymakers stimulate demand in response to concerns about climate change. Using a supply chain approach, this paper analyses: (i) existing biofuel supply chains in Sweden (biogas, biodiesel and bioethanol) in terms of security of supply, and (ii) possibilities to achieve synergies between implementation of climate change mitigation practices and security of supply objectives, through increased production and use of biofuels. We argue that synergies can arise when exposure to upstream market risk decreases, the risk of the feedstock does not correlate with the fuel that it replaces, producers can switch between feedstocks and end user vulnerability to disruptions decreases. In the current Swedish context, the features of the biogas supply chain make it the most beneficial option, followed by biodiesel. In the way it has been implemented, bioethanol is the least favourable option. The paper concludes by outlining how biofuels could contribute to security of supply in the future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 123, 349-357 p.
Keyword [en]
Biofuel, Energy security, Policy coherence, Road transport, Security of supply
National Category
Energy Systems
Research subject
Energy Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-143213DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.01.098ISI: 000336017400035ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84898822882OAI: diva2:705995
Swedish Energy Agency

QC 20140520

Available from: 2014-03-18 Created: 2014-03-18 Last updated: 2014-06-12Bibliographically approved

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Sanches Pereira, AlessandroHermann, Sebastian
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