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All-optical switching of silicon disk resonator based on photothermal effect in metal-insulator-metal absorber
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO. Nanjing Univ, Microwave Photon Technol Lab, Nanjing Natl Lab Microstruct, Peoples R China.
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
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2014 (English)In: Optics Letters, ISSN 0146-9592, E-ISSN 1539-4794, Vol. 39, no 15, 4431-4434 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Efficient narrowband light absorption by a metal-insulator-metal (MIM) structure can lead to high-speed light-to-heat conversion at a micro-or nanoscale. Such a MIM structure can serve as a heater for achieving all-optical light control based on the thermo-optical (TO) effect. Here we experimentally fabricated and characterized a novel all-optical switch based on a silicon microdisk integrated with a MIM light absorber. Direct integration of the absorber on top of the microdisk reduces the thermal capacity of the whole device, leading to high-speed TO switching of the microdisk resonance. The measurement result exhibits a rise time of 2.0 mu s and a fall time of 2.6 mu s with switching power as low as 0.5 mW; the product of switching power and response time is only about 1.3 mW.mu s. Since no auxiliary elements are required for the heater, the switch is structurally compact, and its fabrication is rather easy. The device potentially can be deployed for new kinds of all-optical applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 39, no 15, 4431-4434 p.
Keyword [en]
Metal insulator boundaries, Silicon, All optical switch, All-optical switching, Direct integration, Light absorbers, Metal insulator metals, Metal-insulator-metal structures, Photothermal effects, Switching power
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-143753DOI: 10.1364/OL.39.004431ISI: 000339878900038Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84905014920OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-143753DiVA: diva2:708259
Funder
Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research Swedish Research Council
Note

QC 20140901. Updated from manuscript to article in journal. Previous title: All-optical-switching in silicon disk resonator based on photothermal effect of metal-insulator-metal absorber

Available from: 2014-03-27 Created: 2014-03-27 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Photothermal Effect in Plasmonic Nanostructures and its Applications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Photothermal Effect in Plasmonic Nanostructures and its Applications
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

  Plasmonic resonances are characterized by enhanced optical near field and subwavelength power confinement. Light is not only scattered but also simultaneously absorbed in the metal nanostructures. With proper structural design, plasmonic-enhanced light absorption can generate nanoscopically confined heat power in metallic nanostructures, which can even be temporally modulated by varying the pump light. These intrinsic characters of plasmonic nanostructures are investigated in depth in this thesis for a range of materials and nanophotonic applications.

  The theoretical basis for the photothermal phenomenon, including light absorption, heat generation, and heat conduction, is coherently summarized and implemented numerically based on finite-element method. Our analysis favours disk-pair and particle/dielectric-spacer/metal-film nanostructures for their high optical absorbance, originated from their antiparallel dipole resonances.

  Experiments were done towards two specific application directions. First, the manipulation of the morphology and crystallinity of Au nanoparticles (NPs) in plasmonic absorbers by photothermal effect is demonstrated. In particular, with a nanosecond-pulsed light, brick-shaped Au NPs are reshaped to spherical NPs with a smooth surface; while with a 10-second continuous wave laser, similar brick-shaped NPs can be annealed to faceted nanocrystals. A comparison of the two cases reveals that pumping intensity and exposure time both play key roles in determining the morphology and crystallinity of the annealed NPs.

  Second, the attempt is made to utilize the high absorbance and localized heat generation of the metal-insulator-metal (MIM) absorber in Si thermo-optic switches for achieving all-optical switching/routing with a small switching power and a fast transient response. For this purpose, a numerical study of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer integrated with MIM nanostrips is performed. Experimentally, a Si disk resonator and a ring-resonator-based add-drop filter, both integrated with MIM film absorbers, are fabricated and characterized. They show that good thermal conductance between the absorber and the Si light-guiding region is vital for a better switching performance.

  Theoretical and experimental methodologies presented in the thesis show the physics principle and functionality of the photothermal effect in Au nanostructures, as well as its application in improving the morphology and crystallinity of Au NPs and miniaturized all-optical Si photonic switching devices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. xvi, 94 p.
Series
TRITA-ICT/MAP AVH, ISSN 1653-7610 ; 2014:04
Keyword
Plasmonic, Photothermal Effect, Silicon Photonics, Gold Nanoparticles
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-143754 (URN)978-91-7595-059-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-04-22, Sal/hall D, KTH-ICT, Isafjordsgatan 39, Kista, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 63183
Note

QC 20140331

Available from: 2014-03-31 Created: 2014-03-27 Last updated: 2014-03-31Bibliographically approved

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Yan, MinWosinski, Lech

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