Corrosion and runoff rates of Cu and three Cu-alloys in marine environments with increasing chloride deposition rate
2014 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 472, 681-694 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Bare copper sheet and three commercial Cu-based alloys, Cu15Zn, Cu4Sn and Cu5Al5Zn, have been exposed to four test sites in Brest, France, with strongly varying chloride deposition rates. The corrosion rates of all four materials decrease continuously with distance from the coast, i.e. with decreasing chloride load, and in the following order: Cu4Sn > Cu sheet > Cu15Zn > Cu5Al5Zn. The patina on all materials was composed of two main layers, Cu2O as the inner layer and Cu-2(OH)(3)Cl as the outer layer, and with a discontinuous presence of CuCl in between. Additional minor patina constituents are SnO2 (Cu4Sn), Zn-5(OH)(6)(CO3)(2) (Cu15Zn and Cu5Al5Zn) and Zn6Al2(OH)(16)CO3 center dot 4H(2)O/Zn2Al(OH)(6)Cl center dot 2H(2)O/Zn5Cl2(OH)8 center dot H2O and Al2O3 (Cu5Al5Zn). The observed Zn- and Zn/Al-containing corrosion products might be important factors for the lower sensitivity of Cu15Zn and Cu5Al5Zn against chloride-induced atmospheric corrosion compared with Cu sheet and Cu4Sn. Decreasing corrosion rates with exposure time were observed for all materials and chloride loads and attributed to an improved adherence with time of the outer patina to the underlying inner oxide. Flaking of the outer patina layer was mainly observed on Cu4Sn and Cu sheet and associated with the gradual transformation of CuCl to Cu-2(OH)(3)Cl of larger volume. After three years only Cu5Al5Zn remains lustrous because of a patina compared with the other materials that appeared brownish-reddish. Significantly lower release rates of metals compared with corresponding corrosion rates were observed for all materials. Very similar release rates of copper from all four materials were observed during the fifth year of marine exposure due to an outer surface patina that with time revealed similar constituents and solubility properties.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 472, 681-694 p.
Atmospheric corrosion, Chloride deposition, Corrosion rates, Patina evolution, Metal release, Copper alloys
Other Chemistry Topics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-143709DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.11.080ISI: 000331916100075ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84890091085OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-143709DiVA: diva2:708992
QC 201403312014-03-312014-03-272014-09-15Bibliographically approved