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On the Sharing Opportunities for Ultra-Dense Networks in the Radar Bands
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab). KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, Center for Wireless Systems, Wireless@kth.
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab). KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, Center for Wireless Systems, Wireless@kth.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7642-3067
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab). KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Centres, Center for Wireless Systems, Wireless@kth.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4986-6123
2014 (English)In: 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks, DYSPAN 2014, IEEE Computer Society, 2014, 215-223 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Finding additional spectrum for indoor networks with very high capacity (ultra-dense networks, UDN) is a prime concern on the road to 5G wireless systems. Spectrum below or around 10 GHz has attractive propagation properties and previous work has indicated that vertical spectrum sharing between indoor users and outdoor wide-area services is feasible. In this paper, we focus on spectrum sharing between UDNs and radar systems. We propose and evaluate regulatory policies that improve sharing conditions/opportunities in areas with large demand (i.e. hot-spots and urban areas). We consider three regulatory policies: area power regulation, deployment location regulation and the combination of these. We address the scenario where secondary users can reliably exploit time and space domain sharing opportunities in the S- and Ku-Bands by means of geo-location databases and spectrum sensing. We evaluate these opportunities in terms of the required time-averaged separation distance between the radar system and the UDN that both protects the radar system as well as guarantees a minimum secondary transmission probability. Our results show that there are ample adjacent channel sharing opportunities for indoor usage in both the S- and Ku-Bands. In the Ku-Band, even outdoor hot-spot use is feasible with very relaxed restrictions. Co-channel usage in the S-band requires large separation distances that makes it practically unfeasible in cities with nearby radar sites. Overall, deployment location regulation seems to be the most effective means to limit interference to the radar system and improve sharing opportunities. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Computer Society, 2014. 215-223 p.
Series
IEEE International Symposium on Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks, ISSN 2334-3125
Keyword [en]
radar spectrum, spectrum sharing, sharing op- portunities, regulatory policy
National Category
Communication Systems
Research subject
SRA - ICT
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-143967DOI: 10.1109/DySPAN.2014.6817798ISI: 000341654800027Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84902145853ISBN: 978-1-4799-2661-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-143967DiVA: diva2:709981
Conference
2014 IEEE International Symposium on Dynamic Spectrum Access Networks, DYSPAN 2014; McLean, VA; United States; 1 April 2014 through 4 April 2014
Projects
METIS
Funder
Wireless@kth
Note

QC 20140407

Available from: 2014-04-03 Created: 2014-04-03 Last updated: 2014-10-21Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. On the Deployment of Large-Scale High-Capacity Wireless Systems with Secondary Spectrum Access
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the Deployment of Large-Scale High-Capacity Wireless Systems with Secondary Spectrum Access
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The avalanche in mobile data consumption represents a big challenge for mobile networks operators and national regulators. This thesis focuses on finding additional spectrum to meet this demand in a cost-efficient way by considering shared spectrum access. Our studies aim at identifying key factors in achieving large-scale business success,quantifying the spectrum availability and identifying suitable regulatory/sharing polices for large-scale secondary access in the aeronautical and radar bands. This thesis proposes a research methodology, that considers business, technical and regulatory aspects involved in assessing commercial viability of large-scale deployment of wireless networks, employing vertical spectrum sharing in the aeronautical and radar bands. We pinpoint the following criteria which are critical in ensuring business success:spectrum availability, radio technology availability, low-cost end-userdevices, system scalability and quality of service. Our investigation centers on the technical aspects of these criteria, and thus deals mainly with the assessment of spectrum availability. The availability of spectrum opportunities is found to be ample for adjacent channel usage despite the strict requirements of the radar receiver. However, it is alsovery location-dependent and mostly non-contiguous.Finally, with regard to the regulatory aspects, our results show thatapplying regulatory policies, especially to the deployment of secondary users, can boost availability in cities or urban areas where the capacity demand is high. In addition, Licensed Shared Access (LSA) is identified as a suitable regulatory framework to meet tough protection criteria ofthe radar receivers and to apply the selected regulatory policies to improve exploitation of sharing opportunities. Based on our results and analysis, we conclude that there is a significant amount of spectrum opportunities for large-scale secondary access in the aeronautical and radar bands from the technical point of view. However, the commercial viability of secondary spectrum access is still undetermined giventhe remaining uncertainties regarding its total cost and the exact time needed for relevant technology to become available. Moreover, thereis no single answer to the commercial viability since it will most likelydepend on the country or region in question, which affects the spectrum availability, which in turn is a key criterion for business success. Futurework should therefore strive to clarify these uncertainties and to identify new responsibilities for all the entities involved in the LSA framework. Moreover, a quantitative evaluation would be needed to obtain more explicit conclusions on the business viability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. viii, 58 p.
Series
TRITA-ICT-COS, ISSN 1653-6347 ; 14:04
National Category
Telecommunications Communication Systems
Research subject
SRA - ICT
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144861 (URN)
Public defence
2014-05-26, Sal D, Forum Building, Isafjordsgatan 39, Kista, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
ICT - The Next Generation
Note

QC 20140519

Available from: 2014-05-19 Created: 2014-04-29 Last updated: 2014-05-19Bibliographically approved

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Sung, Ki WonZander, Jens

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