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A novel trigeminal zinc porphyrin and corresponding porphyrin monomers for dye-sensitized solar cells
KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Theoretical Chemistry and Biology.
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2014 (English)In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 4, no 21, 10439-10449 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A novel trigeminal zinc porphyrin sensitizer (T) and two zinc porphyrin monomers (M1 and M2) were successfully designed and synthesized. The spectral, electrochemical, and photovoltaic properties of the porphyrin dyes were investigated. Compared with M1, the molecule of M2 has an additional aliphatic n-hexyloxyl chain at the meso-position of the porphyrin framework, and such a structure is favorable for the formation of a compact hydrophobic layer at the TiO2 surface and the retardation of the diffusion of I-3(-) ions into the nanoporous TiO2 electrode, resulting in more effective suppression of the charge recombination process and a higher V-oc. Meanwhile, M2 has larger IPCE values than those of M1, leading to the higher J(sc) value. Thus, the DSSC devices based on M2 demonstrated a relatively high power conversion efficiency of 5.77%, with the J(sc), V-oc and ff values of 13.93 mA cm(-2), 732 mV, and 0.566, respectively. Even though dye T has the highest molar absorption coefficients and multiple binding moieties, the corresponding power conversion efficiency is 2.30%, which is lower than those for M1 and M2. These observations may be ascribed to the low efficiency of the electron injection process caused by the isolation of the LUMOs from the anchoring carboxyl groups in addition to the lowest adsorption amount.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 4, no 21, 10439-10449 p.
Keyword [en]
Approximate Coulomb Potentials, Auxiliary Basis-Sets, Organic-Dyes, Co-Sensitization, Tio2 Films, Efficiency, Donor, Acceptor, Performance, Bearing
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144012DOI: 10.1039/c3ra45791eISI: 000332061900003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84894489754OAI: diva2:709993

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Available from: 2014-04-04 Created: 2014-04-04 Last updated: 2014-04-04Bibliographically approved

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