Utilizing thiol-ene coupling kinetics in the design of renewable thermoset resins based on D-limonene and polyfunctional thiols
2014 (English)In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 4, no 20, 10317-10329 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
An extended model is developed to predict the free-radical thiol-ene reaction dynamics between D-limonene, as a renewable diolefin, and a monothiol compound (iso-tridecyl 3-mercaptopropionate) in bulk liquid conditions. Thermally and photo-initiated reactions of the two monomers showed favored thiol-ene coupling at the exo-isopropenyl alkene structure when reacted at 1 : 1 and 1 : 0.5 mole ratios. Experimental kinetic data obtained from the two stoichiometries were well reproduced numerically via the simulation software COPASI by introducing a multi-route mechanistic scheme with propagation-chain-transfer steps accounting for primary (mono-additions) and secondary (di-addition) modes of coupling. The differences in intrinsic double-bond reactivity enable synthesis of limonene-terminated resins (mono-versus poly-disperse) as multifunctional network precursors. Off-stoichiometry manipulations in the initial mole ratio, assisted by numerical simulations, offer a convenient approach to visualize the overall reaction system kinetics irrespective of temporal effects, thus being regarded as an important guiding tool for chemists aiming at designing thiol-ene systems based on limonene.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 4, no 20, 10317-10329 p.
Acrylate Photopolymerizations, Cross-Linking, Polymerization, Chemistry, Monomers, Terpene
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144011DOI: 10.1039/c3ra47922fISI: 000332061300059ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84894242321OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-144011DiVA: diva2:709994
FunderSwedish Research Council, 621-2007-5723
QC 201404042014-04-042014-04-042014-04-04Bibliographically approved