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Functional semiconductor-ionic composite GDC-KZnAl/LiNiCuZnOx for single-component fuel cell
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology.
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2014 (English)In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 4, no 20, 9920-9925 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The research activities on single-component fuel cells (SCFCs) have opened new doors for keeping ahead with two major areas of focus: improvement of SCFC performances by contributing new materials, and scientific understanding of the SCFC nature and operation mode. The present work reports the exploitation of new material composed of the Gd doped ceria-KAlZn-oxide (GDC-KAZ) and the LiNiCuZn-oxide (LNCZ), combining ionic and semiconducting properties for SCFCs. A new method is first used through an internal electron-hole redox cycle resulting in no net electrons to avoid ceria electronic conduction problems thus to develop an excellent GDC-KAZ electrolyte. Its ionic conductivity, 0.08 S cm(-1) at 600 degrees C, is ten times higher than that of GDC. The SCFC using the GDC-KAZ-LNCZ materials exhibits a remarkable electrochemical performance of 628 mW cm(-2) at 580 degrees C, significantly higher than that of conventional three-component (anode/electrolyte/cathode) fuel cells. The results bring about a new cost-effective and robust system with significant scientific and economic consequences for the fuel cell field.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 4, no 20, 9920-9925 p.
Keyword [en]
Ceria-Carbonate Composite, Doped-Ceria, Nanocomposite Electrolyte, Electrical-Conductivity, Power-Density, Mixed Ion, Temperature, Technology, Layer, Cathode
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144010DOI: 10.1039/c3ra47783eISI: 000332061300004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84894237735OAI: diva2:710003
Swedish Research Council, 621-2011-4983EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 303454

QC 20140404

Available from: 2014-04-04 Created: 2014-04-04 Last updated: 2014-04-04Bibliographically approved

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Zhu, BinFan, Liangdong
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