Kinetic study on desulfurization of hot metal using CaO and CaC2
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
The kinetics and reaction mechanisms of hot metal desulfurization using CaO and CaC2 were studied in a well-controlled atmosphere with a lab scale high temperature furnace. The growths of CaS around CaO and CaC2 were measured and compared at 1773 K. The parabolic rate constant was evaluated to be 5∙10-7 [cm s-1] on CaO particles, and 2.4∙10-7 [cm s-1] on CaC2. The bigger parabolic constant of CaO resulted in more efficient desulfurization. Agglomerates and big CaO particles led to 2CaO.SiO2 formation which hindered further utilization of CaO for desulfurization. The 2CaO.SiO2 formation was favoured by a high oxygen potential. Since the desulfurization reaction of CaO not only produced CaS but also oxygen, the local oxygen concentration around big CaO particles was higher than around small particles.
Hot metal, Desulfurization, CaO, CaC2, reaction mechanisms
Engineering and Technology
Research subject Materials Science and Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-144018DiVA: diva2:710057
QS 20142014-04-042014-04-042014-04-04Bibliographically approved