2014 (English)In: Ethical Perspectives, ISSN 1370-0049, Vol. 21, no 3, 371-400 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
It is commonly thought that transactions that are the result of voluntary gift-giving do not constitute exploitation. This paper argues that exploitation is indeed possible in such situations, by showing how gift-giving can fulfil the two commonly proposed criteria for exploitation, namely that in an interaction between two persons one receives disproportionally little and the other disproportionally much of the resulting benefits, and that this disproportion is caused by the latter making inappropriate use of a disadvantage of the former. A theoretical approach to what such inappropriate use would amount to in cases of gift-giving is lacking. The paper therefore aims at spelling out such an approach. The method of reflective equilibrium inspires this endeavour, which proceeds by testing intuitions about examples that embody a set of possible conditions. It is concluded that three of the conditions are necessary for exploitation of gift-giving, namely (1) the giver incurs a loss, (2) the recipient has aimed for the gift, and (3) the gift is undeserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 21, no 3, 371-400 p.
exploitation, gift-giving, vulnerability, disadvantage, inappropriateness
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144034DOI: 10.2143/ER.21.3.3044850ISI: 000342887300004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84907943278OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-144034DiVA: diva2:710194
Updated from "Manuscript" to "Article" QC 201411122014-04-042014-04-042014-11-12Bibliographically approved