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A model-based and simulation-driven methodology for design of haptic devices
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Machine Design (Div.). (Haptic Group)
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.), Machine Design (Div.). (System and Component Design)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6692-2794
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Machine Design (Dept.). (System and Component Design)
2014 (English)In: Mechatronics (Oxford), ISSN 0957-4158, E-ISSN 1873-4006, Vol. 24, no 7, 805-818 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

High precision and reliable haptic devices are highly complex products. The complexity that has to be carefully treated in the design process is largely due to the multi-criteria and conflicting character of the functional and performance requirements. These requirements include high stiffness, large work-space, high manipulability, small inertia, low friction, high transparency, as well as cost constraints. The requirements are a basis for creating and assessing design concepts. Concept evaluation relies to a large extent on a systematic usage of kinematic, dynamic, stiffness, friction, and control models. The design process can benefit from a model-based and simulation-driven approach, where one starts from an abstract top-level model that is extended via stepwise refinements and design space exploration into a detailed and integrated systems model that can be physically realized. Such an approach is presented, put in context of the V-model, and evaluated through a test case where a haptic device, based on a Stewart platform, is designed and realized. It can be concluded, based on simulation and experimental results that the performance of this deterministically optimized haptic device satisfies the stated user requirements. Experiences from this case indicate that the methodology is capable of supporting effective and efficient development of high performing haptic devices. However, more test cases are needed to further validate the presented methodology.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 24, no 7, 805-818 p.
Keyword [en]
Estimation, Haptic device, Model-based design
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144179DOI: 10.1016/j.mechatronics.2014.01.006ISI: 000344825700006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84908117938OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-144179DiVA: diva2:711673
Note

QC 20141211

Available from: 2014-04-11 Created: 2014-04-11 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Effective development of haptic devices using a model-based and simulation-driven design approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effective development of haptic devices using a model-based and simulation-driven design approach
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Virtual reality (VR)-based surgical simulators using haptic devices can increase the effectiveness of surgical training for surgeons when performing surgical procedures in hard tissues such as bones or teeth milling. The realism of virtual surgery through a surgical simulator depends largely on the precision and reliability of the haptic device, which reflects the interaction with the virtual model. The quality of perceptiveness (sensation, force/torque) depends on the design of the haptic device, which presents a complex design space due to its multi-criteria and conflicting character of functional and performance requirements. These requirements include high stiffness, large workspace, high manipulability, small inertia, low friction, high transparency, and cost constraints.

This thesis proposes a design methodology to improve the realism of force/torque feedback from the VR-based surgical simulator while fulfilling end-user requirements.

The main contributions of this thesis are:

1. The development of a model-based and simulation-driven design methodology, where one starts from an abstract, top-level model that is extended via stepwise refinements and design space exploration into a detailed and integrated systems model that can be physically realized.

2. A methodology for creating an analytical and compact model of the quasi-static stiffness of a haptic device, which considers the stiffness of actuation systems, flexible links and passive joints.

3. A robust design optimization approach to find the optimal numerical values for a set of design parameters to maximize the kinematic, dynamic and kinetostatic performances of a 6-degrees of freedom (DOF) haptic device, while minimizing its sensitivity to variations in manufacturing tolerances and cost, and also satisfying the allowed variations in the performance indices.

4. A cost-effective approach for force/torque feedback control using force/torque estimated through a recursive least squares estimation.

5. A model-based control strategy to increase transparency and fidelity of force/torque feedback from the device by compensating for the natural dynamics of the device, friction in joints, gravity of platform, and elastic deformations.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. xiii, 55 p.
Series
TRITA-MMK, ISSN 1400-1179 ; 2014:02
Keyword
Haptic device, model-based design, design optimization
National Category
Other Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144216 (URN)978-91-7595-063-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-04-23, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20140415

Available from: 2014-04-15 Created: 2014-04-15 Last updated: 2014-04-15Bibliographically approved

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Kjell, Andersson

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