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Improving size-exclusion chromatography separation for glycogen
KTH, School of Biotechnology (BIO), Glycoscience. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3572-7798
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2014 (English)In: Journal of Chromatography A, ISSN 0021-9673, E-ISSN 1873-3778, Vol. 1332, 21-29 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Glycogen is a hyperbranched glucose polymer comprised of glycogen beta particles, which can also form much larger composite alpha particles. The recent discovery using size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) that fewer, smaller, alpha particles are found in diabetic-mouse liver compared to healthy mice highlights the need to achieve greater accuracy in the size separation methods used to analyze alpha and beta particles. While past studies have used dimethyl sulfoxide as the SEC eluent to analyze the molecular size and structure of native glycogen, an aqueous eluent has not been rigorously tested and compared with dimethyl sulfoxide. The conditions for SEC of pig-liver glycogen, phytoglycogen and oyster glycogen were optimized by comparing two different eluents, aqueous 50 mM NH4NO3/0.02% NaN3 and dimethyl sulfoxide/0.5% LiBr, run through different column materials and pore sizes at various flow rates. The aqueous system gave distinct size separation of alpha- and beta-particle peaks, allowing for a more detailed and quantitative analysis and comparison between liver glycogen samples. This greater resolution has also revealed key differences between the structure of liver glycogen and phytoglycogen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 1332, 21-29 p.
Keyword [en]
Size-exclusion chromatography (SEC), Glycogen, Structural characterization, Improved resolution
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144119DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2014.01.053ISI: 000332429500004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84894243157OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-144119DiVA: diva2:712202
Note

QC 20140414

Available from: 2014-04-14 Created: 2014-04-10 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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