Shear in concrete structures subjected to dynamic loads
2014 (English)In: Structural Concrete, ISSN 1464-4177, Vol. 15, no 1, 55-65 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Shear failures in reinforced concrete structures under intense dynamic loads are brittle and limit the structure's energy-absorbing capabilities. This paper comprises a review of the literature dealing with the problem of dynamic shear of reinforced concrete elements, with a focus on parameters that control flexural shear and direct shear. In this context, dynamic loads refer to intense events due to explosions and impacts. For this reason, the initial response is also highlighted. Experimental investigations and calculations show that shear force and bending moment distributions in dynamic events are initially significantly different from the distributions under slowly applied loads. Therefore, structural wave propagation, geometrical properties of elements, strain rate effects and dynamic load characteristics need to be considered when analysing shear. The review also indicates that arch action in the shear span soon after the load has been applied has a large influence on the shear capacity of an element. This action is of particular importance in intense loading events. Finally, suggestions for further research are identified.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 15, no 1, 55-65 p.
dynamic loads, impulsive loads, rise time, shear, initial response, support reactions, arch action, analysis and design methods, testing, experiments, dynamic actions, earthquakes, design and construction
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144561DOI: 10.1002/suco.201300040ISI: 000332508600008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84896787156OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-144561DiVA: diva2:714091
QC 201404252014-04-252014-04-242014-04-25Bibliographically approved