Gasification Characteristics of Hydrothermal Carbonized Biomass in an Updraft Pilot-Scale Gasifier
2014 (English)In: Energy & Fuels, ISSN 0887-0624, E-ISSN 1520-5029, Vol. 28, no 3, 1992-2002 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Biocoal pellets were gasified in an updraft high-temperature agent gasification (HTAG) unit with preheated air at 900 degrees C to study the performance of the air gasification of hydrothermal carbonized biomass. In comparison to raw biomass, hydrothermal carbonization increased the carbon content from 46 to 66% and decreased the oxygen content from 38 to 16%. As a result, the heating value of biomass on a dry basis was increased from 19 to 29 MJ/kg after hydrothermal carbonization. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) of biocoal featured early decomposition of hemicellulose and a shoulder attached to the cellulose peak corresponding to lignin decomposition. Char gasification demonstrated a peak near conversion of 0.2. Syngas with 7.9 MJ Nm(-3) lower heating value (LHV) was obtained from gasification experiments performed in the pilot-scale gasifier. The maximum cold gas efficiency was 80% at the lowest equivalence ratio (ER) and also resulted in high-purity syngas. The LHV and cold gas efficiency were higher than that of the previously studied unpretreated biomass pellets. The fuel conversion positively correlated with the fuel residence time in the bed, and almost 99% conversion could be achieved for a residence time of 2 h. The superficial velocity (or hearth load) and specific gasification rate were higher than the reported values of updraft gasifiers because of the high-temperature operation and specific fuel used.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 28, no 3, 1992-2002 p.
Sewage-Sludge, Enzymatic-Hydrolysis, Waste Biomass, Pretreatment, Fuel, Cellulose, Products, Water, Coal, Tar
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144550DOI: 10.1021/ef402342eISI: 000333381200045ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84897824136OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-144550DiVA: diva2:714365
QC 201404282014-04-282014-04-242016-08-25Bibliographically approved