Site-Specific Photoconjugation of Antibodies Using Chemically Synthesized IgG-Binding Domains
2014 (English)In: Bioconjugate chemistry, ISSN 1043-1802, E-ISSN 1520-4812, Vol. 25, no 3, 481-488 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Site-specific labeling of antibodies can be performed using the immunoglobulin-binding Z domain, derived from staphylococcal protein A (SpA), which has a well-characterized binding site in the Pc region of antibodies. By introducing a photoactivable probe in the Z domain, a covalent bond can be formed between the Z domain and the antibody by irradiation with UV light. The aim of this study was to improve the conjugation yield for labeling of different subclasses of IgG having different sequence composition, using a photoactivated Z domain variant. Four different variants of the Z domain (Z5BPA, Z5BBA, Z32BPA, and Z32BBA) were synthesized to investigate the influence of the position of the photoactivable probe and the presence of a flexible linker between the probe and the protein. For two of the variants, the photoreactive benzophenone group was introduced as part of an amino acid side chain by incorporation of the unnatural amino acid benzoylphenylalanine (BPA) during peptide synthesis. For the other two variants, the photoreactive benzophenone group was attached via a flexible linker by coupling of benzoylbenzoic acid (BBA) to the e-amino group of a selectively deprotected lysine residue. Photoconjugation experiments using human IgG1, mouse IgG I, and mouse IgG2A demonstrated efficient conjugation for all antibodies. It was shown that differences in linker length had a large impact on the conjugation efficiency for labeling of mouse IgG1, whereas the positioning of the photoactivable probe in the sequence of the protein had a larger effect for mouse IgG2A. Conjugation to human IgG1 was only to a minor extent affected by position or linker length. For each subclass of antibody, the best variant tested using a standard conjugation protocol resulted in conjugation efficiencies of 41-66%, which corresponds to on average approximately one Z domain attached to each antibody. As a combination of the two best performing variants, Z5BBA and Z32BPA, a Z domain variant with two photoactivable probes (Z5BBA32BPA) was also synthesized with the aim of targeting a wider panel of antibody subclasses and species. This new reagent could efficiently couple to all antibody subclasses that were targeted by the single benzophenone-labeled Z domain variants, with conjugation efficiencies of 26-41%.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 25, no 3, 481-488 p.
Photo-Cross-Linking, Protein-A, Staphylococcus-Aureus, Crystal-Structure, Fragment, Complex, Conjugation, Resolution, Proximity, Regions
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144547DOI: 10.1021/bc400440uISI: 000333435900004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84896512087OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-144547DiVA: diva2:714382
QC 201404282014-04-282014-04-242014-09-29Bibliographically approved