Infant growth is associated with parental education but not with parental adiposity - Early Stockholm Obesity Prevention Project
2014 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 103, no 4, 418-425 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
AimTo explore the simultaneous impact of parental adiposity and education level on infant growth from birth to 12months, adjusting for known early-life risk factors for subsequent childhood obesity. MethodsBaseline data for 197 one-year-old children and their parents, participating in a longitudinal obesity intervention, were used. Obesity risk groups, high/low, were defined based on parental body mass index (n=144/53) and parental education (n=57/139). Observational data on infant growth between 0 and 12months were collected. The children's relative weight (body mass index standard deviation score) at 3, 6 and 12months and rapid weight gain 0-6months were analysed in regression models, with obesity risk as primary exposure variables, adjusting for gestational weight gain, birth weight, short exclusive breastfeeding and maternal smoking. ResultsRelative weight at 3, 6 and 12months was associated with low parental education but not with parental adiposity. No significant associations were observed with rapid weight gain. None of the early-life factors could explain the association with parental education. ConclusionLow parental education level is independently associated with infant growth, whereas parental obesity does not contribute to a higher weight or to rapid weight gain during the first year.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 103, no 4, 418-425 p.
Childhood obesity, Infant growth, Parental adiposity, Parental education, Rapid weight gain
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144528DOI: 10.1111/apa.12551ISI: 000332694700023ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84896137974OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-144528DiVA: diva2:714528
FunderForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare
QC 201404282014-04-282014-04-242014-04-28Bibliographically approved