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Seeking sustainability in the construction sector: opportunities within impact assessment and sustainable public procurement
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering. (Environmental Management and Assessment)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4706-1623
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Growing concerns regarding sustainability have led the construction sector to adopt various policy instruments for reducing the impacts caused by construction activities. One such policy instrument includes impact assessment, which enables the construction sector to evaluate the environmental consequences of proposed developments at project (environmental impact assessment) and strategic (strategic environmental assessment) level. In recent years, the construction sector has also adopted green public procurement, which is a process whereby contracting authorities aim to procure services and products that meet environmental requirements. In certain contexts, green public procurement has extended to sustainable public procurement, which involves the incorporation of both environmental and social considerations in the procurement of services and products. Promoting sustainability in the constructor sector is a significant challenge. This challenge is primarily due to the requirement of high levels of cooperation among project stakeholders, on the one hand, and a lack of coordination between project planning and implementation on the other hand. Therefore, procurement plays a significant role as it establishes the tone for the interaction between contracting authorities and contractors. The overall aim of this thesis is to bolster the knowledge of promoting sustainability in the construction sector, with the specific aim of analysing the ways in which policy instruments such as environmental impact assessment and green public procurement can be reinforced to improve the coordination between planning and the implementation of sustainability considerations. This thesis conceptualises an inter-link between impact assessment and green public procurement, and identifies the opportunities to develop the inter-link. It is appropriate to plan for green public procurement at the pre-decision phase of an environmental impact assessment. The inter-link can be strengthened by involving contractors in planning for green and sustainable public procurement. One way to involve contractors is with the aid of competitive dialogue procedure, which is a procurement procedure that allows contracting authorities to hold discussions with contractors regarding the authority’s requirements. This study strengthens the conceptualisation that competitive dialogue procedure can facilitate green and sustainable public procurement. The various elements in a competitive dialogue procedure can enable the contracting authorities to ensure the consistency between the weight for environmental considerations in contract award criteria and the relevant preferences. This thesis also discusses key concerns for progress towards sustainable public procurement, which includes among others the incorporation of sustainability values in procurement decisions. In addition, this study identified certain discourses on future trends for green and sustainable public procurement. The discourses provide an opportunity for reflection, and thereby indicate that analytical support is required to develop criteria in a way that enables the evaluation of sustainable public procurement against the background of sustainability and justice regarding natural capital. Innovation must be promoted with a focus on sustainability values. Moreover, green or sustainable public procurement must be discussed between contracting authorities and contractors in light of its contribution to sustainability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. , viii, 59 p.
Series
TRITA-LWR. PHD, ISSN 1650-8602 ; 2014: 03
Keyword [en]
environmental impact assessment; green public procurement; sustainable public procurement; competitive dialogue procedure; construction sector
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144885ISBN: 978-91-7595-144-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-144885DiVA: diva2:715148
Public defence
2014-05-23, D3, Lindstedtsvägen 5, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Formas
Note

QC 20140509

Available from: 2014-05-09 Created: 2014-04-30 Last updated: 2014-05-12Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. EIA and green procurement: Opportunities for strengthening their coordination
Open this publication in new window or tab >>EIA and green procurement: Opportunities for strengthening their coordination
2012 (English)In: Environmental impact assessment review, ISSN 0195-9255, E-ISSN 1873-6432, Vol. 33, no 1, 73-79 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

EIA plays an important role in enhancing the environmental performance of the construction sector. In recent years, the construction sector has been developing green procurement practices. Green procurement is a process that involves the incorporation of environmental requirements during the procurement of services and products. However, discussion on green procurement is rarely seen during the EIA phase. This paper addresses possible opportunities for improving the coordination between EIA and green procurement within the construction sector. The linking of EIA and green procurement has been postulated in the paper as an aid to strengthen the coordination between project planning and implementation. The paper is based on a literature review and is an outcome of an on-going research project concerning EIA and green procurement. This study indicated that it would be appropriate to introduce green procurement during the pre-decision phase of an EIA. In the present study, the opportunities for integrating green procurement at the stage of EIA are associated with the integration of project planning and EIA. Future research should investigate the mechanism through which the link can be established.

Keyword
Environmental impact assessment, green procurement, construction sector
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-50050 (URN)10.1016/j.eiar.2011.10.007 (DOI)000300745600010 ()2-s2.0-83455260661 (Scopus ID)
Projects
Improving the environmental performance of the construction sector through linking green procurement and environmental impact assessment
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilStandUp
Note

QC 20150624

Available from: 2011-12-01 Created: 2011-12-01 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
2. Perspectives on inter-linking impact assessment and green procurement: The case of green energy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Perspectives on inter-linking impact assessment and green procurement: The case of green energy
2013 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, ISSN 1464-3332, E-ISSN 1757-5605, Vol. 15, no 2, 1340004-1-1340004-25 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The construction sector consumes significant quantities of energy and contributes substantially to greenhouse gas emissions. It is imperative that the sector considers a renewable component to its energy procurement. The sector has adopted various policy instruments such as impact assessment and green procurement for improving its environmental performance. Green procurement involves the procurement of services, products and also energy that meet environmental requirements. This paper focused primarily on the conceptualisation of the inter-link between impact assessment and green procurement. Furthermore, interviews were conducted with three fundamental categories of stakeholders that involved client, contractor and energy company. Although the interview responses showed varied perspectives on the inter-link, most of the interviewees acknowledged its need and suggested certain approaches towards establishing the inter-link. The highlighted approach was to consider the use of commercially available environmental certification tools and focus on areas such as partnerships. Future research should examine how environmental certification tools could facilitate the inter-link and how partnerships need to be arranged therein.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Imperial College Press, 2013
Keyword
Impact assessment, green procurement, renewable energy, construction sector
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-126082 (URN)10.1142/S1464333213400048 (DOI)2-s2.0-84878952694 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Swedish Research Council FormasStandUp
Note

QC 20150624

Available from: 2013-08-19 Created: 2013-08-19 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
3. Green public procurement (GPP) of construction and building materials
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Green public procurement (GPP) of construction and building materials
2013 (English)In: Eco-Efficient Construction and Building Materials: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Eco-Labelling and Case Studies / [ed] Pacheco-Torgal F, Cabeza LF, de Magalhaes A, Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2013, 1, 166-195 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Green public procurement (GPP) involves the incorporation of environmental requirements during the procurement of services and products by public authorities. This chapter provides an overview on the growth of GPP in recent years by focusing on its expansion towards sustainable public procurement (SPP), where sustainable development considerations are integrated. Furthermore, the chapter discusses the implementation of GPP/SPP in the construction sector, and issues related to approaches in procurement procedure, GPP/SPP criteria, and the link between criteria and functional objectives of contracts. The chapter highlights that such issues need to be addressed during the progress towards SPP.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2013 Edition: 1
Series
Woodhead Publishing Series in Civil and Structural Engineering, ISSN 2052-4714
Keyword
green public procurement, construction sector, sustainable public procurement
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144882 (URN)10.1533/9780857097729.1.166 (DOI)000341722900009 ()2-s2.0-84902392530 (Scopus ID)978-0-85709-772-9 (ISBN)
Note

QC 20141021

Available from: 2014-04-30 Created: 2014-04-30 Last updated: 2014-10-21Bibliographically approved
4. Competitive dialogue for sustainable public procurement
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Competitive dialogue for sustainable public procurement
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144883 (URN)
Note

QS 2014

Available from: 2014-04-30 Created: 2014-04-30 Last updated: 2014-05-09Bibliographically approved
5. Discourses on future trends for sustainable public procurement in the construction sector
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Discourses on future trends for sustainable public procurement in the construction sector
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144884 (URN)
Note

QS 2014

Available from: 2014-04-30 Created: 2014-04-30 Last updated: 2014-05-09Bibliographically approved

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