Altered electrode degradation with temperature in LiFePO4/mesocarbon microbead graphite cells diagnosed with impedance spectroscopy
2014 (English)In: Electrochimica Acta, ISSN 0013-4686, E-ISSN 0019-4686, Vol. 141, 173-181 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Electrode degradation in LiFePO4 / mesocarbon microbead graphite (MCMB) pouch cells aged at 55 °C by a synthetic hybrid drive cycle or storage is diagnosed and put into context with previous results of aging at 22 °C. The electrode degradation is evaluated by means of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), measured separately on electrodes harvested from the cells, and by using a physics-based impedance model for aging evaluation. Additional capacity measurements, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) are used in the evaluation. At 55 °C the LiFePO4 electrode shows increased particle/electronic conductor resistance, for both stored and cycled electrodes. This differs from results obtained at 22 °C, where the electrode suffered lowered porosity, particle fracture, and loss of active material. For graphite, only cycling gave a sustained effect on electrode performance at 55 °C due to lowered porosity and changes of surface properties, and to greater extent than at low temperature. Furthermore, increased current collector resistance also contributes to a large part of the pouch cell impedance when aged at increased temperatures. The result shows that increased temperature promotes different degradation on the electrode level, and is an important implication for high temperature accelerated aging. In light of the electrode observations, the correlation between full-cell and electrode impedances is discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 141, 173-181 p.
battery aging;temperature;electrode impedance;EIS modeling;LiFePO4/MCMB graphite
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-145053DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2014.06.081ISI: 000343022900023ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84905868311OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-145053DiVA: diva2:715969
FunderSwedish Energy Agency
Updated from "Manuscript" to "Journal". QC 201411122014-05-072014-05-072014-11-12Bibliographically approved