Development of a simple model for the simultaneous degradation of concrete and clay in contact
2014 (English)In: Applied Geochemistry, ISSN 0883-2927, E-ISSN 1872-9134, Vol. 43, 101-113 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In nuclear waste repositories concrete and bentonite are used, sometimes in contact with each other. The rate of mutual degradation of concrete and bentonite by alkaline fluids from concrete is explored using a simple model. The model considers dissolution of a soluble compound in the concrete (e.g. portlandite), which is gradually dissolved as the solubilised hydroxide and the cation(s) diffuse towards and into the bentonite in which smectite degrades by interaction with the solutes. Accounting for only the diffusion resistances in concrete and clay, the solubility of the concrete compound and the hydroxide consumption capacity of the smectite, results in a very simple analytical model. The model is tested against several published modelling results that account for reaction kinetics, reactive surface, and equilibrium data for tens to many tens of different secondary minerals. In the models that include several specified minerals often assumptions need to be made on which minerals can form. This introduces subjective assumptions. The degradation rates using the simple model are within the range of results obtained by the complex models. In the studies of the data used in these models it was found that the uncertainties in thermodynamic data are considerable and can give contradictory information on under what conditions smectite degrades. Some smectite models and thermodynamic data suggest that smectite will transform to other minerals spontaneously if there were no kinetic restrictions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 43, 101-113 p.
Underground Laboratory France, Long-Term Alteration, Compacted Bentonite, Hyperalkaline Fluids, Alkaline-Solution, Oxfordian Clay, Montmorillonite, Dissolution, Durability, Diffusion
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-145270DOI: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2014.02.009ISI: 000334315500009ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84896088634OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-145270DiVA: diva2:717470
QC 201405152014-05-152014-05-152014-05-15Bibliographically approved