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Time courses of central hemodynamics during rapid changes in posture.
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Basic Science and Biomedicine, Environmental Physiology. Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden .ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6361-8965
2014 (English)In: Journal of applied physiology, ISSN 8750-7587, E-ISSN 1522-1601, Vol. 116, no 9, 1182-1188 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Changes in posture cause blood volume redistribution, affecting cardiac filling and stroke volume (SV). We hypothesized that the time courses of ventricular filling would differ between the right and left ventricle during a rapid (2 s) tilt and that changes in right ventricular filling pressure would be more swift because of the direct coupling to the systemic circulation. We further hypothesized that the transient imbalance between right and left ventricular filling pressure would influence left ventricular SV changes. Right atrial pressure (RAP), pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP), left ventricular stroke volume, heart rate, and arterial pressure were recorded beat-by-beat during rapid tilts from supine to upright positions and back again, during rest and dynamic 100-W leg exercise. RAP changes had a faster time course than PCWP during down-tilts, both during rest and exercise (1 +/- 1 vs. 6 +/- 2 s and 2 +/- 2 vs. 6 +/- 2 s, respectively; P < 0.05). This discrepancy caused a transient decrease in the end-diastolic pressure difference between the right and left ventricle. The decreased pressure difference in diastole impeded left ventricular filling because of ventricular interdependence, causing SV to fall transiently. The mechanisms of ventricular interdependence were also involved in reverse during up-tilt, where SV was maintained for 2-3 s despite falling PCWP. Furthermore, the decrease in RAP during up-tilt in the resting condition was biphasic with an initial fast and a second slower component, which might suggest the effect of venous valves. This was not seen during dynamic leg exercise where blood pooling is prevented by the venous muscle pump.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 116, no 9, 1182-1188 p.
Keyword [en]
cardiac preload, exercise, posture, stroke volume, tilt
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-145331DOI: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00690.2013ISI: 000339167300009ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84901236204OAI: diva2:717727
Swedish Research Council, 5020

QC 20140818

Available from: 2014-05-16 Created: 2014-05-16 Last updated: 2014-08-18Bibliographically approved

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