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Thermal degradation behavior and kinetic analysis of spruce glucomannan and its methylated derivatives
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0252-337X
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology, Wood Chemistry and Pulp Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
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2014 (English)In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 106, no 1, 60-70 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The thermal degradation behavior and kinetics of spruce glucomannan (SGM) and its methylated derivatives were investigated using thermogravimetric analysis to characterize its temperature-dependent changes for use in specific applications. The results were compared with those obtained for commercial konjac glucomannan (KGM). The SGM and the KGM exhibited two overlapping peaks from 200 to 375 C, which correspond to the intensive devolatilization of more than 59% of the total weight. Differences in the pyrolysis-product distributions and thermal stabilities appeared as a result of the different chemical compositions and molecular weights of the two GMs. The Friedman and Flynn-Wall-Ozawa isoconversional methods and the Coats-Redfern were adopted to determine the kinetic triplet of the intensive devolatilization region. Both GMs can be modeled using a complex mechanism that involves both a Dn-type and an Fn-type reaction. The comparative study of partially methylated GM indicated higher homogeneity and thermal resistance for the material with the higher degree of substitution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 106, no 1, 60-70 p.
Keyword [en]
Kinetic triplet, Konjac glucomannan, Methylated glucomannan, Spruce glucomannan, Thermal degradation behavior, Thermogravimetry
National Category
Polymer Chemistry Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-145386DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2014.01.086ISI: 000335620000009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84897742924OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-145386DiVA: diva2:718175
Note

QC 20140520

Available from: 2014-05-20 Created: 2014-05-19 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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