Centralised Versus Decentralised Active Control of Boundary Layer Instabilities
2014 (English)In: Flow Turbulence and Combustion, ISSN 1386-6184, E-ISSN 1573-1987, Vol. 93, no 4, 537-553 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We use linear control theory to construct an output feedback controller for the attenuation of small-amplitude three-dimensional Tollmien-Schlichting (TS) wavepackets in a flat-plate boundary layer. A three-dimensional viscous, incompressible flow developing on a zero-pressure gradient boundary layer in a low Reynolds number environment is analyzed using direct numerical simulations. In this configuration, we distribute evenly in the spanwise direction up to 72 localised objects near the wall (18 disturbances sources, 18 actuators, 18 estimation sensors and 18 objective sensors). In a fully three-dimensional configuration, the interconnection between inputs and outputs becomes quickly unfeasible when the number of actuators and sensors increases in the spanwise direction. The objective of this work is to understand how an efficient controller may be designed by connecting only a subset of the actuators to sensors, thereby reducing the complexity of the controller, without comprising the efficiency. If n and m are the number of sensor-actuator pairs for the whole system and for a single control unit, respectively, then in a decentralised strategy, the number of interconnections deceases mn compared to a centralized strategy, which has n (2) interconnections. We find that using a semi-decentralized approach - where small control units consisting of 3 estimation sensors connected to 3 actuators are replicated 6 times along the spanwise direction - results only in a 11 % reduction of control performance. We explain how "wide" in the spanwise direction a control unit should be for a satisfactory control performance. Moreover, the control unit should be designed to account for the perturbations that are coming from the lateral sides (crosstalk) of the estimation sensors. We have also found that the influence of crosstalk is not as essential as the spreading effect.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 93, no 4, 537-553 p.
Flow control, Boundary layer flows, Hydrodynamic stability, Control theory, Model reduction
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-145661DOI: 10.1007/s10494-014-9552-6ISI: 000345076500001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84920259408OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-145661DiVA: diva2:719484
QC 20141215 Updated from manuscript to article in journal.2014-05-262014-05-262016-05-17Bibliographically approved