Impact of ion cyclotron wall conditioning on fuel removal from plasma-facing components at TEXTOR
2014 (English)In: Physica Scripta, ISSN 0031-8949, E-ISSN 1402-4896, Vol. T159, 014017- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Ion cyclotron wall conditioning (ICWC) is based on low temperature and low density plasmas produced and sustained by ion cyclotron resonance (ICR) pulses in reactive or noble gases. The technique is being developed for ITER. It is tested in tokamaks in the presence of toroidal magnetic field (0.2-3.8 T) and heating power of the order of 10(5) W. ICWC with hydrogen, deuterium and oxygen-helium mixture was studied in the TEXTOR tokamak. The exposed samples were pre-characterized limiter tiles mounted on specially designed probes. The objectives were to assess the reduction of deuterium content, the uniformity of the reduction and the retention of seeded oxygen. For the last objective oxygen-18 was used as a marker. ICWC in hydrogen caused a drop of deuterium content in the tile by a factor of more than 2: from 4.5x10(18) to 1.9x10(18) D cm(-2). A decrease of the fuel content by approximately 25% was achieved by the ICWC in oxygen, while no reduction of the fuel content was measured after exposure to discharges in deuterium. These are the first data ever obtained showing quantitatively the local decrease of deuterium in wall components treated by ICWC in a tokamak. The oxygen retention in the tiles exposed to ICWC with oxygen-helium was analyzed for different orientations and radial positions with respect to plasma. An average retention of 1.38x10(16) O-18 cm(-2) was measured. A maximum of the retention, 4.4x10(16) O-18 cm(-2), was identified on a sample surface near the plasma edge. The correlation with the gas inlet and antennae location has been studied.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. T159, 014017- p.
ion cyclotron wall conditioning, plasma-facing components, fuel retention, fuel removal, TEXTOR
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-145840DOI: 10.1088/0031-8949/2014/T159/014017ISI: 000334847800018ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84902191459OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-145840DiVA: diva2:720649
14th International Conference on Plasma-Facing Materials and Components for Fusion Applications, PFMC 2013; Julich; Germany; 13 May 2013 through 17 May 2013
FunderSwedish Research Council, 621-2009-4138 621-2012-4148
QC 201406022014-06-022014-06-022016-08-19Bibliographically approved