Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
A social network approach to analyzing water governance: the case of the Mkindo catchment, Tanzania
Stockholm Resilience Center, Sweden;University of Cape Town, South Africa. (KTH Environmental Humanities)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6415-4821
2011 (English)In: Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, ISSN 1474-7065, E-ISSN 1873-5193, Vol. 36, no 14-15, 1085-1092 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The governance dimension of water resources management is just as complex and interconnected as the hydrological processes it aims to influence. There is an increasing need (i) to understand the multi-stake- holder governance arrangements that emerge from the cross-scale nature and multifunctional role of water; and (ii) to develop appropriate research tools to analyze them. In this study we demonstrate how social network analysis (SNA), a well-established technique from sociology and organizational research, can be used to empirically map collaborative social networks between actors that either directly or indirectly influence water flows in the Mkindo catchment in Tanzania. We assess how these collabo- rative social networks affect the capacity to govern water in this particular catchment and explore how knowledge about such networks can be used to facilitate more effective or adaptive water resources man- agement. The study is novel as it applies social network analysis not only to organizations influencing blue water (the liquid water in rivers, lakes and aquifers) but also green water (the soil moisture used by plants). Using a questionnaire and semi-structured interviews, we generated social network data of 70 organizations, ranging from local resource users and village leaders, to higher-level governmental agencies, universities and NGOs. Results show that there is no organization that coordinates the various land and water related activities at the catchment scale. Furthermore, an important result is that village leader play a crucial role linking otherwise disconnected actors, but that they are not adequately inte- grated into the formal water governance system. Water user associations (WUAs) are in the process of establishment and could bring together actors currently not part of the formal governance system. How- ever, the establishment of WUAs seems to follow a top-down approach not considering the existing infor- mal organization of water users that are revealed through this social network analysis. Instead of imposing institutional arrangements, we argue that it is more promising to identify and build on existing social structures. Social network analysis can help to identify existing social structures and points for interventions to increase the problem solving capacity of the governance network.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd , 2011. Vol. 36, no 14-15, 1085-1092 p.
Keyword [en]
Water governance; Social network analysis; Catchment management; Water resources; Tanzania
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-145921DOI: 10.1016/j.pce.2011.07.083ISI: 000296306100044OAI: diva2:721245
11th WaterNet/WARFSA/GWP-SA Annual Symposium,Victoria Falls, ZIMBABWE,OCT 27-29, 2010
Ways of Knowing Urban Ecologies (WOK-UE)Ecological Resilience and Social Equity
Formas, 250-2010-1372Formas, 250-2008-894

QC 20140924

Available from: 2014-06-03 Created: 2014-06-03 Last updated: 2014-09-24Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textElectronic full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Ernstson, Henrik
In the same journal
Physics and Chemistry of the Earth
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 14 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link