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Overview of nitrogen-15 application as a tracer gas for material migration and retention studies in tokamaks
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Fusion Plasma Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9901-6296
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2014 (English)In: Physica Scripta, ISSN 0031-8949, E-ISSN 1402-4896, Vol. T159, 014042- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Experimental and analytical procedures related to the application of nitrogen-15 isotope for material migration studies have been developed and used for tracer experiments in the TEXTOR and ASDEX-Upgrade tokamaks in order to assess the retention of nitrogen in plasma-facing components made of graphite and tungsten. The surface study was performed by time-of-flight heavy ion elastic recoil detection analysis and by means of nuclear reaction analysis based on the N-15(p, gamma alpha)C-12 process. In both tokamaks nitrogen retention has exceeded 10% of the injected gas. In ASDEX-Upgrade the largest fraction of N-15 has been detected on protruding parts near the injection port, while around 4% has been found in the divertor. The ASDEX-Upgrade results have also been modeled. Helium trapping has been measured in deposits containing tungsten and nitrogen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. T159, 014042- p.
Keyword [en]
erosion and deposition, tracer techniques, fuel retention, TEXTOR, ASDEX-Upgrade
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-145773DOI: 10.1088/0031-8949/2014/T159/014042ISI: 000334847800043OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-145773DiVA: diva2:721374
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 621-2009-4138 621-2012-4148
Note

QC 20140604

Available from: 2014-06-04 Created: 2014-06-02 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Rubel, Marek

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