Polymer-grafted Al2O3-nanoparticles for controlled dispersion in poly(ethylene-co-butyl acrylate) nanocomposites
2014 (English)In: Polymer, ISSN 0032-3861, E-ISSN 1873-2291, Vol. 55, no 9, 2125-2138 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We report a model system to control the dispersion and inter-particle distance of polymer-grafted Al2O3-nanoparticles in high molecular weight poly(ethylene-co-butyl acrylate). The proposed methods make it possible to extend the use of surface initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-ATRP) in combination with more commercial grades of silanes and particles, showing the versatility of this polymerization process. The nanoparticles were surface-modified by an amine-terminated silane, forming multilayered silane coatings to which moieties capable of initiating ATRP were attached. Subsequently, "short" (DP: 117) and "long" (DP: 265) chains of poly(n-butyl acrylate) were grafted from the particles via SI-ATRP. The graft density was found to be in accordance with the density of the accessible amine groups and could therefore be assessed directly after the initial silanization step using UV-Vis spectrometry. From AFM micrographs, the grafted nanoparticles were found to be well-dispersed in the matrix. This observation was corroborated by a novel simulation method capable of transforming the inter-particle distances from 2D to 3D, for the closest and more distant neighbors. Further, we calculated the deviation ratios and concluded that the dispersions were homogeneous and that the inter-particle distances were related to the graft length. The homogeneous dispersions were explained by dominating enthalpic contributions of the polymer grafts to the nanocomposites in combination with shielding of the nanoparticle core-core attraction by the silane multilayer (similar to bimodal systems).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 55, no 9, 2125-2138 p.
Surface-initiated atom transfer radical, polymerization (SI-ATRP) of aluminum, oxide nanoparticles, Nanocomposites of poly(ethylene-co-butyl acrylate), Simulation of particle dispersion
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-145825DOI: 10.1016/j.polymer.2014.03.005ISI: 000335205200001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84898859798OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-145825DiVA: diva2:721399
FunderSwedish Research Council, IFA 2007-5095
QC 201406042014-06-042014-06-022014-06-04Bibliographically approved