Urban growth and environmental impacts in Jing-Jin-Ji, the Yangtze, River Delta and the Pearl River Delta
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, ISSN 0303-2434, Vol. 30, no 1, 42-55 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study investigates land cover changes, magnitude and speed of urbanization and evaluates possible impacts on the environment by the concepts of landscape metrics and ecosystem services in China's three largest and most important urban agglomerations: Jing-Jin-Ji, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta. Based on the classifications of six Landsat TM and HJ-1A/B remotely sensed space-borne optical satellite image mosaics with a superior random forest decision tree ensemble classifier, a total increase in urban land of about 28,000 km(2) could be detected alongside a simultaneous decrease in natural land cover classes and cropland. Two urbanization indices describing both speed and magnitude of urbanization were derived and ecosystem services were calculated with a valuation scheme adapted to the Chinese market based on the classification results from 1990 and 2010 for the predominant land cover classes affected by urbanization: forest, cropland, wetlands, water and aquaculture. The speed and relative urban growth in Jing-Jin-Ji was highest, followed by the Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta, resulting in a continuously fragmented landscape and substantial decreases in ecosystem service values of approximately 18.5 billion CNY with coastal wetlands and agriculture being the largest contributors. The results indicate both similarities and differences in urban-regional development trends implicating adverse effects on the natural and rural landscape, not only in the rural-urban fringe, but also in the cities' important hinterlands as a result of rapid urbanization in China.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 30, no 1, 42-55 p.
Urban growth, Land use/land cover (LULC), Ecosystem services, Landscape metrics, Environmental impact, Random forest
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-146124DOI: 10.1016/j.jag.2013.12.012ISI: 000335625000005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84897475799OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-146124DiVA: diva2:722957
QC 201406102014-06-102014-06-092016-02-09Bibliographically approved