Sustainable mass handling: Modelling quantities of excavated soil and rock in residential construction projects
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
An efficient handling process of aggregates and excavated soil and rock will be of increasing importance in expanding urban regions. The construction of residences, infrastructure and commercial areas generate significant amounts of soil and rock that can be re-used more efficiently as construction material, minimizing transportation and environmental impact. A key element is the implementation of central intermediate storage sites for re-use purposes and cooperation between several construction projects in a region. The evaluation of storage capacities and optimal site locations is in turn dependent on comprehensive knowledge about what quantities of aggregates and excavated soil and rock that will be generated and utilized in the region.
The calculation model presented in this thesis provides a way of estimating the amount of excavated soil and rock generated during the construction of new residential areas at an initial stage of the planning process. The excavated volume is expressed as a function of the number of residents and the number of floors in the buildings of the planned area, allowing for an early estimation that may effectively influence the logistical planning of the mass handling process. The simplified calculation model applied to a case study of the existing residential area Annedal in Stockholm produces an estimated amount of 577 500 ton excavated soil and rock, approximately 3.8 % lower than the reference value of 600 000 ton.
Regional storage sites are advantageous as different construction projects generate and utilize different types of soil, rock and aggregates, resulting in a higher possible re-use share than in individual projects. When regarding the energy usage in transportation, it is shown that intermediate storage sites located within 10 km of the construction site may allow for more than 15 % energy reduction if re-using 25 % of the excavated amount of soil and rock. A distance of 5 km may yield more than 20 % reduction of transportation energy for the same share of re-use.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 48 p.
sustainable mass handling, excavated soil and rock
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-146225OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-146225DiVA: diva2:723005
Master of Science in Engineering - Mechanical Engineering