Circadian rhythm of peripheral perfusion during 10-day hypoxic confinement and bed rest
2014 (English)In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, ISSN 1439-6319, E-ISSN 1439-6327, Vol. 114, no 10, 2093-2104 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Future planetary habitats will be hypobaric and hypoxic to reduce the risk of decompression sickness during preparation for extra-vehicular activities. This study was part of a research programme investigating the combined effects of hypoxia and microgravity on physiological systems. We tested the hypothesis that hypoxia-induced peripheral vasoconstriction persists at night and is aggravated by bed rest. Since sleep onset has been causally linked to nocturnal vasodilatation, we reasoned that hypoxia-induced vasoconstriction at night may explain sleep disturbances at altitude. Peripheral perfusion alterations as a consequence of bed rest may explain poor sleep quality reported during sojourns on the International Space Station. Eleven males underwent three 10-day interventions in a randomised order: (1) hypoxic ambulatory confinement; (2) hypoxic bed rest; (3) normoxic bed rest. During each intervention we conducted 22-h monitoring of peripheral perfusion, as reflected by the skin temperature gradient. Measurements were conducted on the first (D 1) and last day (D 10) of each intervention. All interventions resulted in a decrease in daytime toe perfusion from D 1 to D 10. There was no difference in the magnitude of the daytime reduction in toe perfusion between the three interventions. There was a significant vasodilatation of the toes in all interventions by 11 pm. The fingertips remained well perfused throughout. Daytime vasoconstriction induced by hypoxia and/or bed rest is abolished at night, lending further support to the theory that changes in peripheral skin temperature may be functionally linked to sleep onset.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 114, no 10, 2093-2104 p.
Peripheral perfusion, Vasodilatation, Hypoxia, Bed rest, Sleep onset
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-146288DOI: 10.1007/s00421-014-2923-9ISI: 000342075300006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-146288DiVA: diva2:723607
QC 201410202014-06-112014-06-112014-10-20Bibliographically approved