Surfactant as a Critical Factor When Tuning the Hydrophilicity in Three-Dimensional Polyester-Based Scaffolds: Impact of Hydrophilicity on Their Mechanical Properties and the Cellular Response of Human Osteoblast-Like Cells
2014 (English)In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 15, no 4, 1259-1268 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In tissue engineering, the hydrophilicity of porous scaffolds is essential and influences protein and cell adhesion as well as nutrient diffusion into the scaffold. The relative low hydrophilicity of degradable polyesters, which limits diffusion of nutrients, is a major drawback in large porous scaffolds of these materials when used for bone tissue engineering and repair of critical size defects. Designing porous biodegradable polymer scaffolds with improved hydrophilicity, while maintaining their mechanical, thermal, and degradation properties is therefore of clinical interest. Here, surfactants were used to tune the hydrophilicity and material properties. A total of 3-20% (w/w) of surfactant, polysorbate 80 (Tween 80), was used as an additive in poly(L-lactide-co-1,5-diozepan-2-one) [poly(LLA-co-DXO)] and poly(L-lactide)-co-(epsilon-caprolactone) [poly(LLA-co-CL)] scaffolds. A significantly decreased water contact angle was recorded for all the blends and the crystallinity, glass transition temperature and crystallization temperature were reduced with increased amounts of surfactant. Copolymers with the addition of 3% Tween 80 had comparable mechanical properties as the pristine copolymers. However, the E-modulus and tensile stress of copolymers decreased significantly with the addition of 10 and 20% Tween 80. Initial cell response of the material was evaluated by seeding human osteoblast-like cells (HOB) on the scaffolds. The addition of 3% Tween 80 did not significantly influence cell attachment or proliferation, while 20% Tween 80 significantly inhibited osteoblast proliferation. RT-PCR results showed that 3% Tween 80 stimulated mRNA expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteoprotegerin (OPG), and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 15, no 4, 1259-1268 p.
Marrow Stromal Cells, Human-Endothelial Cells, Critical-Size Defects, In-Vitro, Bone, Differentiation, Wettability, Proteins, Adhesion, Proliferation
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Polymer Technologies
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-145591DOI: 10.1021/bm401818eISI: 000334571600018ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84898669991OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-145591DiVA: diva2:723626
FunderEU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 242175
QC 201406112014-06-112014-05-232014-09-29Bibliographically approved