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Hairpin vortices in turbulent boundary layers
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9627-5903
2014 (English)In: Journal of Physics, Conference Series, ISSN 1742-6588, E-ISSN 1742-6596, Vol. 506, no 1, 012008- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present work addresses the question whether hairpin vortices are a dominant feature of near-wall turbulence and which role they play during transition. First, the parent-offspring mechanism is investigated in temporal simulations of a single hairpin vortex introduced in a mean shear flow corresponding to turbulent channels and boundary layers up to Re-tau = 590. Using an eddy viscosity computed from resolved simulations, the effect of a turbulent background is also considered. Tracking the vortical structure downstream, it is found that secondary hairpins are created shortly after initialization. Thereafter, all rotational structures decay, whereas this effect is enforced in the presence of an eddy viscosity. In a second approach, a laminar boundary layer is tripped to transition by insertion of a regular pattern of hairpins by means of defined volumetric forces representing an ejection event. The idea is to create a synthetic turbulent boundary layer dominated by hairpin-like vortices. The flow for Re-tau < 250 is analysed with respect to the lifetime of individual hairpin-like vortices. Both the temporal and spatial simulations demonstrate that the regeneration process is rather short-lived and may not sustain once a turbulent background has formed. From the transitional flow simulations, it is conjectured that the forest of hairpins reported in former DNS studies is an outer layer phenomenon not being connected to the onset of near-wall turbulence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 506, no 1, 012008- p.
Keyword [en]
Near-Wall Turbulence, Direct Numerical-Simulation, Channel Flow, Reynolds-Number, Shear Flows, Mechanisms, Transition, Regeneration, Generation
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Other Physics Topics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-147075DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/506/1/012008ISI: 000336120800008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84900871414OAI: diva2:728987
1st Multiflow Summer Workshop; Madrid; Spain; 10 June 2013 through 12 July 2013

QC 20140625

Available from: 2014-06-25 Created: 2014-06-23 Last updated: 2014-06-25Bibliographically approved

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