Agile perspectives in construction projects – How to improve efficiency in the design phase
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
The long project durations in construction projects usually includes changes. From the initial project idea to the end of the design phase, the requirements and expectations of the project tends to change. There could be many reasons for this, such as new or more thorough specifications from the client, or perhaps, changed factors in the surrounding. A problem is that changes might have consequences in terms of added costs, extended time and transformed scope. Hence, unwanted changes often mean that the resources are used in an inefficient way since re-work has to be done. This often affects the client satisfaction negatively since, as earlier mentioned, costs might increase, time might be extended or scope could have to be changed.
The aim to work efficiently in the design phase of construction projects lays the foundation for this report. More specifically, this master thesis looks into how agile methodologies can make the program- and system-stages, of a construction project, more efficient and thereby increase the client satisfaction.
Agile methodologies could be described as "the ability to rapidly respond to change". The agile methodologies are about realizing that projects are prone to changes because of changing circumstances. It is about realizing that we develop our knowledge and understanding of a project as it proceeds, which means that we must adapt to new information as it is gained. In one single word, agility is all about flexibility.
The agile methodologies are suited for projects with high complexity and uncertainty. It is also suitable to work in agile ways when a project has unclear specifications, changing situations, complex project goals and results needs to be achieved continually or early in the project process
Conclusions that have emerged through this master thesis are that agile methodologies could improve efficiency in the program- and system-stages. This can be possible by dividing each stage into shorter cycles. In this way, the stages would become more manageable since it is easier to get an overview of the closest upcoming work. Shorter cycles can also make it easier to keep the goal focus through the whole project process since more frequent reconciliations are being held.
Working in shorter cycles gives the opportunity to have more frequent reconciliations with the client as well as with the project team. Reconciliations are held in the beginning and in the end of each cycle. This means that the client gets the opportunity to express wishes and requirements during the reconciliations which results in possibilities to make eventual changes throughout the stage. This prevents major changes from occurring in the end of the stage which means that resources can be used more efficiently. Also, when changes are made continually instead of after-the-fact, the costs of making unwanted changes becomes decreased. The client involvement and the agile approach could for these reasons affect the client satisfaction positively.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Construction Project Management, Traditional Project Management, Agile Project Management, Design phase, Program-stage, System-stage, Efficiency
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-147324OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-147324DiVA: diva2:729287
Karrbom Gustavsson, Tina
Karrbom Gustavsson, TinaHansson, Lars