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An experimental study of the effect of flow and high level acoustic excitation on the acoustic properties of perforates and orifices
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Marcus Wallenberg Laboratory MWL. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8474-8563
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Aeronautical and Vehicle Engineering, Marcus Wallenberg Laboratory MWL. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Competence Center for Gas Exchange (CCGEx).
2013 (English)In: 20th International Congress on Sound and Vibration 2013, ICSV 2013: Volume 3, 2013, International Institute of Acoustics and Vibrations , 2013, 2545-2552 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Perforates are for instance used in mufflers for automotive applications and in acoustic liners for aircraft engines. In these applications they are often exposed to high level acoustic excitation in combination with grazing or bias flow. The paper is based on an experimental study of the nonlinear properties of these types of samples without mean grazing or bias flow as well as on a study of an orifice with bias flow under medium and high sound level excitation. The effect of grazing flow is discussed based on data from the literature. It is known from previous studies that high level acoustic excitation at one frequency will change the acoustic impedance of perforates at other frequencies, thereby changing the boundary condition seen by the acoustic waves. This effect could be used to change the impedance boundary conditions and for instance increase the absorption. It could obviously also pose a problem for the correct modeling of sound transmission through ducts lined with such impedance surfaces. Experimental results are compared to a quasi-stationary model. The effect of the combination of frequency components and phase in the excitation signal is studied. The bias flow tests included different flow speeds for different frequencies. The level of acoustic excitation is varied from much smaller to larger than the mean flow velocity. It is shown that bias flow makes the acoustic properties more complex compared to the no bias flow case, especially when the velocity ratio between acoustic particle velocity and mean flow velocity is near unity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Institute of Acoustics and Vibrations , 2013. 2545-2552 p.
Keyword [en]
Acoustic impedance, Acoustics, Aircraft engines, Boundary conditions, Flow velocity, Orifices, Acoustic excitation, Acoustic particle velocity, Automotive applications, Different frequency, Frequency components, Impedance boundary conditions, Mean flow velocities, Nonlinear properties, Acoustic wave transmission
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-147253Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84897063274OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-147253DiVA: diva2:729776
Conference
20th International Congress on Sound and Vibration 2013, ICSV 2013, Bangkok, Thailand, 7 July 2013 through 11 July 2013
Note

QC 20140626

Available from: 2014-06-26 Created: 2014-06-25 Last updated: 2014-11-17Bibliographically approved

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Bodén, Hans

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