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Matematik och ingenjören: Utveckling av en aktivitet för att öka elevers motivation för matematik
KTH, School of Education and Communication in Engineering Science (ECE).
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Mathematics and the Ingeneer (English)
Abstract [en]

This thesis primarily includes a study on whether companies can develop a mathematical activity that supports students' motivation in mathematics. The work was done together with Midroc Electro, a company that pays attention to the difficulty of recruiting and therefore was interested in investigating how the business world would be able to contribute.

The thesis can be divided into three stages. The first part comprised by a exploration into research on student motivation regarding mathematics as well as numerous interviews with engineers to see how the research findings did fit with Midroc Electros reality. In these studies it became clear that the student who aims for a profession whose education or work requires math belongs to the group of students who primarily manage their studies in mathematics, that is, those that have the greatest motivation to work hard and complete their studies.

Research information and interviews were compared and resulted in the thesis second part, Midroc Challenge. An activity where students primarily came to learn about the engineering profession and secondly how mathematics can be used in the engineering profession. Student’s had to plan, build and program a robot to complete a two-dimensional path. At the end of the day, in form of a contest, the student’s calculations were tested and the winners were those that completed the whole path, they that had counted correctly when they programmed the robot.

The third stage of the thesis investigated whether students who participated in Midroc Challenge showed some indications that they had been affected by the activity. Students gave the day the score nine out of ten, where ten was the top rating. A tendency that students had become motivated to study engineering could also be traced, with the consequence that some students may have been more motivated to study mathematics.

Abstract [sv]

Detta examensarbete innefattar i huvudsak en studie på om och hur företag kan utveckla en matematisk aktivitet som stödjer elevers motivation för matematik. Arbetet skedde tillsammans med Midroc Electro, ett företag som uppmärksammat svårigheten med kompetensförsörjning och därför är intresserade av att undersöka vad företagsvärlden skulle kunna bidra med till skolan.

Examensarbetet kan delas in i tre skeden. Först skedde en djupdykning i forskning angående elevers motivation beträffande matematik samt ett flertal intervjuer med ingenjörer för att lära sig mer i detalj om ingenjörsarbetet samt se hur forskningsresultat passade med Midroc Electros verklighet. Det som framförallt uppdagades var att den elev som siktar på ett yrke vars utbildning eller arbete kräver matematik tillhör den grupp elever som främst klarar sina matematikstudier, det vill säga de som har störst motivation för att kämpa och klara sina studier.

Forskningsinformationen och intervjuerna jämfördes och resulterade i examensarbetets andra del, Midroc Challenge. En aktivitet där elever främst kom att lära sig om ingenjörsyrket och i andra hand om hur matematiken kan användas i ingenjörsyrket. Eleverna fick i liten skala testa på att arbeta som ingenjörer då de skulle planera, bygga och programmera en robot till att klara en tvådimensionell bana. I slutet av dagen, i form av en tävling, testades om eleverna räknat rätt då de programmerat hur roboten skulle röra sig.

I det tredje skedet av examensarbetet undersöktes om eleverna som deltagit i Midroc Challenge visade några tendenser på att ha påverkats av aktiviteten. Eleverna gav dagen betyget nio av tio där tio var toppbetyget. En tendens att eleverna blivit motiverade att studera till ingenjörer kunde också spåras varvid några elever kan tänkas ha blivit mer motiverade att studera matematik.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [en]
academic motivation; career development; career choice; motivation; mathematics; robotics
National Category
Learning
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-147609OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-147609DiVA: diva2:730988
External cooperation
Midroc
Subject / course
Technology and Learning
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Engineering and of Education
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-06-30 Created: 2014-06-30 Last updated: 2014-06-30Bibliographically approved

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