On-Board Hydrogen Storage for Fuel Cell Vehicle
2001 (English)In: Proceedings of the 36th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference: Savannah, GA: 29 July 2001 through 2 August 2001, 2001, 581-588 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Methods for onboard storage of hydrogen were evaluated for use in a fuel cell vehicle. Compressed hydrogen gas and cryogenic liquid hydrogen seem to be the two most viable options. Both these storage options were modelled, for storage of 5 kg hydrogen, to be implemented in an automotive fuel cell system simulation model. Hydrogen discharge was simulated for different values of cell stack operating pressure and temperature, using a constant rate of hydrogen release, and the power requirement for heating of the hydrogen to fuel cell stack operating temperature was calculated. The calculations show that compressed gaseous hydrogen storage requires a heating capacity of 0.72 - 1 kW for stack operating temperatures of 343-368 K. In the case of liquid hydrogen storage, heating demand for vaporisation and heating of the fuel was calculated to between 10 and 13 kW for stack operating temperatures of 343-368 K. The fuel cell stack produces surplus heat that can be used for fuel heating. Calculations show that the heat content of the cooling medium is sufficient to heat the fuel stream to approximately 20 K below stack temperature, with temperature differences in heat exchangers being the limiting factor. The radiator/compartment heating and humidifier will also extract heat from the cooling medium. However, to reach system temperature an auxiliary heat source will be required. This could be in the form of an electrical heater or a hydrogen burner. Also, for liquid hydrogen storage, a power demand arises for maintaining operating pressure inside the storage vessel during hydrogen release. This was calculated to between 13 and 28 W for the fuel cell stack operating conditions simulated, and this power demand can be supplied by directing a stream of released and heated hydrogen through a coil running inside the storage vessel.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. 581-588 p.
, Proceedings of the Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, ISSN 0146-955X
Automotive fuels, Compressibility of gases, Computer simulation, Fuel storage, Heat exchangers, Radiators, Vaporization, Fuel cell vehicles, Hydrogen storage
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-4987OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-4987DiVA: diva2:7354
36th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference (IECEC)
QC 20101019 NR 201408052005-03-072005-03-072012-02-09Bibliographically approved